Michael Mcrae

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Acute infection of humans with Ebola and Lassa viruses, two principal etiologic agents of hemorrhagic fevers, often results in a paradoxical pattern of immune responses: early infection, characterized by an outpouring of inflammatory mediators such as TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-6, vs late stage infections, which are associated with poor immune responses.(More)
The ability to maintain memory after encounter with antigen is one of the central features of the immune system. Immune memory generated during young age can be maintained well into old age. However, we know little about maintenance of immune memory generated during old age. In this study, we compared generation and maintenance of memory CD8 T cells in(More)
Vaporizing emulsion droplets may aid in endosomal rupture as a drug delivery route to the cytosol. Upon insonation, emulsion droplets formed from perfluorocarbon liquids may vaporize with sufficient expansion to disrupt liposomal or endosomal membranes. Emulsion droplets of perfluorohexane (PFC6) or perfluoropentane (PFC5) were prepared as free droplets in(More)
Intense exercise to exhaustion leads to increased susceptibility and severity of infections. T cells play an essential role in control of viral infections. Whereas immune suppression is considered as a likely mechanism for exhaustive exercise-induced susceptibility to infection, we know little about viral-specific T-cell response following exhaustive(More)
The non-equilibrium fluctuation dissipation theorem is applied to predict how critically ill patients respond to treatment, based upon data currently collected by standard hospital monitoring devices. This framework is demonstrated on a common procedure in critical care: the spontaneous breathing trial. It is shown that the responses of groups of similar(More)
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