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The anatomy of the sheep cervix is highly variable between animals and may explain the differing success of transcervical AI between individuals. This study aims to quantify the variation in cervical morphology between ewes and investigate the relationship between cervical anatomy and cervical penetration. Two series of reproductive tracts were collected.(More)
Unmated heifers seronegative to bovine pestivirus were used to investigate the effects on conception and embryo-fetal survival of pestivirus infection around the time of artificial insemination. The reproductive performances of three groups were compared; the control group did not become infected during pregnancy, group 1 heifers were infected by contact(More)
The study was designed to examine the relationships among calving season, energy balance, temperature humidity index (THI), and postpartum ovulation in high producing cows in a subtropical environment. Holstein cows calving in a feedlot dairy in southeast Queensland during winter (n = 23) and summer (n = 21) were monitored during the first 9 weeks of(More)
Transcervical artificial insemination in sheep is limited by the inability to completely penetrate the cervix with an inseminating pipette. Penetration is partially enhanced at estrus due to a degree of cervical relaxation, which is probably regulated by cervical prostaglandin synthesis and extracellular matrix remodeling. Prostaglandin E(2) acts via(More)
  • Theresa M. Stevens, Michael McGowan, John Giannaras, Janet S. Kerr
  • 1990
Extracellular phospholipase A2 activity (PLA2) found in the fluid and cells of the peritoneal cavity of rats injected with casein is described. PLA2 activities from both the fluid and cells require Ca2+ and have pH optima of 7. Acid-extraction increased PLA2 activity in the polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) homogenates 20-fold but not the PLA2 activity in(More)
On 10 northern Australian properties, the number of calves sired (calf output) by individual bulls in multiple-sire matings was measured by DNA typing for paternity. There were 235 bulls (92 Santa Gertrudis, 25 5/8 Brahman and 119 Brahman) from 37 multiple-sire mating groups. Number of bulls in groups ranged from 2 to 25 and ages of bulls ranged from 2 to 5(More)
This study investigated the epidemiology of Neospora caninum in three tropical dairy herds in North Queensland, Australia. All animals in the herds were bled, and the sera were tested by ELISA for N. caninum antibodies. Herd records were examined, and the number of calves carried to term and the number of abortions which occurred over the lifetime of each(More)
Bovine pestivirus infection has been mainly recognized as the cause of mucosal disease, a syndrome which occurs sporadically in weaned and adult cattle as a late sequel to foetal infection during the first 3-4 months of gestation. Infection has also been associated with the occurrence of congenital malformations, especially of the central nervous system.(More)
A pathogen which has been shown to commonly contaminate in vitro bovine embryo production system is bovine pestivirus (bovine viral diarrhea virus). Three experiments were designed to evaluate the in vitro maturation (experiment I), fertilization (experiment II) and embryo development (experiment III) of immature oocytes, inseminated oocytes and presumptive(More)
As an integral part of the development of an artificial insemination programme in the captive koala, female reproductive physiology and behaviour were studied. The oestrous cycle in non-mated and mated koalas was characterized by means of behavioural oestrus, morphology of external genitalia and changes in the peripheral plasma concentrations of oestradiol(More)