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Spontaneous symmetry breaking in reactive systems, known as a rare physical phenomenon and for the Soai autocatalytic irreversible reaction, might in principle also occur in other, more common asymmetric reactions when the chiral product is capable to promote its formation and an element of "nonlinearity" is involved in the reaction scheme. Such phenomena(More)
The Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 436 'Metal-Mediated Reactions Modeled after Nature' was founded for the express purpose of analyzing the catalytic principles of metallo-enzymes in order to construct efficient catalysts on a chemical basis. The structure of the active center and neighboring chemical environment in enzymes serves as a focal point for(More)
Möbius aromaticity, predicted by Edgar Heilbronner in 1964, is a stabilizing effect exhibited by 4n electron fully conjugated cyclic molecules (or transition states) with an odd number of orbital phase inversions. Although it has previously been suggested that this effect might also apply to planar metallacycles in which a transition metal employs a d(More)
Deracemisation of racemic or scalemic conglomerates of intrinsically chiral compounds appears to be a promising method of chiral resolution. By combining the established methods of asymmetric synthesis and the physical process of crystal growth, we were able to achieve a complete deracemisation (with 100% ee) of an asymmetric Mannich product(More)
Aromatic Möbius [4n]annulenes with 4n pi electrons, originally conceived by Heilbronner, are characterized computationally. These (CH)(12), (CH)(16), and (CH)(20) minima have nearly equal C-C bond lengths, small twist angles around the rings, and magnetic properties (NICS, nucleus-independent chemical shifts--see above at various positions in(More)
Asymmetric synthesis aims at obtaining enantio-enriched products in stereoselective reactions under a chiral influence. We demonstrate both mathematically and numerically that, even under nominally achiral conditions, fully homochiral steady states can be obtained in open reactive systems by spontaneous mirror-symmetry breaking in the homogenous solution(More)
The first experimental example of a [4n]annulene derivative with one Mobius twist, 1, was synthesized recently [Ajami, D.; Oeckler, O.; Simon, A.; Herges, R. Nature 2003, 426, 819] and was purported to possess aromatic character. However, critical analysis of the published crystallographic data indicates that the Mobius [16]annulene core of 1 shows large(More)
The full reaction path for the conversion of carbon dioxide to hydrogencarbonate has been computed at the B3LYP/6-311+G** level, employing a [(NH(3))(3)Zn(OH)](+) model catalyst to mimic the active center of the enzyme. We paid special attention to the question of how the catalytic cycle might be closed by retrieval of the catalyst. The nucleophilic attack(More)