Michael Mattern

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SUMO (small ubiquitin-related modifier) modulates protein structure and function by covalently binding to the lysine side chains of the target proteins. Yeast cells contain two SUMO proteases, Ulp1 and Ulp2, that cleave sumoylated proteins in the cell. Ulp1 (SUMO protease 1) processes the SUMO precursor to its mature form and also de-conjugates SUMO from(More)
The demands of structural and functional genomics for large quantities of soluble, properly folded proteins in heterologous hosts have been aided by advancements in the field of protein production and purification. Escherichia coli, the preferred host for recombinant protein expression, presents many challenges which must be surmounted in order to(More)
In response to DNA damage and replication blocks, cells activate pathways that arrest the cell cycle and induce the transcription of genes that facilitate repair. In mammals, ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated) kinase together with other checkpoint kinases are important components in this response. We have cloned the rat and human homologs of Saccharomyces(More)
Recent evidence indicates that arrest of mammalian cells at the G(2)/M checkpoint involves inactivation and translocation of Cdc25C, which is mediated by phosphorylation of Cdc25C on serine 216. Data obtained with a phospho-specific antibody against serine 216 suggest that activation of the DNA damage checkpoint is accompanied by an increase in serine 216(More)
The p170 and p180 forms of topoisomerase II have been compared. The concentration dependence of ATP for catalytic activity of the two forms of the enzyme was identical, and each was equally sensitive to novobiocin. Orthovanadate was found to be a potent inhibitor of catalytic activity of both p170 and p180, with an IC50 value of about 2 microM for each.(More)
Topoisomerase II was purified from an amsacrine-resistant mutant of P388 leukemia. A procedure has been developed which allows the rapid purification of nearly homogeneous enzyme in quantities sufficient for enzyme studies or production of specific antisera. The purified topoisomerase II migrated on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(More)
Topoisomerase inhibitors comprise an important group of agents that is used in cancer treatment. Because the development of resistance to cancer chemotherapeutic agents represents a major limitation of cancer chemotherapy, we investigated the mechanism of resistance by murine P388 leukemia to camptothecin (topoisomerase I inhibitor) or amsacrine(More)
A camptothecin-resistant subline of P388 leukemia (P388/CPT) was developed by repeated transplantation of P388 cells in mice treated with therapeutic doses of camptothecin. In mice bearing the resistant tumor, a maximally tolerated dose of camptothecin produced no net reduction in tumor cell burden, in contrast to a 5-log cell kill in the parental P388(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) membrane protein and 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) are among a large number of membrane proteins that are poorly expressed when traditional expression systems and methods are employed. Therefore to efficiently express difficult membrane proteins, molecular biologists will have to develop(More)
The reversible conjugation of ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like (UbL) proteins to protein substrates plays a critical role in the regulation of many cellular pathways. The removal of ubiquitin from target proteins is performed by ubiquitin proteases also known as deubiquitylases (DUBs). Owing to their substrate specificity and the central role ubiquitylation(More)