Michael Mancuso

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Unlike during development, blood vessels in the adult are generally thought not to require VEGF for normal function. However, VEGF is a survival factor for many tumor vessels, and there are clues that some normal blood vessels may also depend on VEGF. In this study, we sought to identify which, if any, vascular beds in adult mice depend on VEGF for(More)
Angiogenesis inhibitors are receiving increased attention as cancer therapeutics, but little is known of the cellular effects of these inhibitors on tumor vessels. We sought to determine whether two agents, AG013736 and VEGF-Trap, that inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling, merely stop angiogenesis or cause regression of existing tumor(More)
Intronic microRNAs have been proposed to complicate the design and interpretation of mouse knockout studies. The endothelial-expressed Egfl7/miR-126 locus contains miR-126 within Egfl7 intron 7, and angiogenesis deficits have been previously ascribed to Egfl7 gene-trap and lacZ knock-in mice. Surprisingly, selectively floxed Egfl7(Delta) and miR-126(Delta)(More)
The orphan G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) GPR124/tumor endothelial marker 5 is highly expressed in central nervous system (CNS) endothelium. Here, we show that complete null or endothelial-specific GPR124 deletion resulted in embryonic lethality from CNS-specific angiogenesis arrest in forebrain and neural tube. Conversely, GPR124 overexpression(More)
Inhibitors of VEGF signaling can block angiogenesis and reduce tumor vascularity, but little is known about the reversibility of these changes after treatment ends. In the present study, regrowth of blood vessels in spontaneous RIP-Tag2 tumors and implanted Lewis lung carcinomas in mice was assessed after inhibition of VEGF receptor signaling by AG-013736(More)
Profiling gene expression in endothelial cells advances the understanding of normal vascular physiology and disease processes involving angiogenesis. However, endothelial cell purification has been challenging because of the difficulty of isolating cells and their low abundance. Here we examine gene expression in endothelial cells freshly isolated from lung(More)
Often described as incomplete or absent, the basement membrane of blood vessels in tumors has attracted renewed attention as a source of angiogenic and anti-angiogenic molecules, site of growth factor binding, participant in angiogenesis, and potential target in cancer therapy. This study evaluated the composition, extent, and structural integrity of the(More)
As the artificial intelligence (AI) systems in military simulations and computer games become more complex, their actions become increasingly difficult for users to understand. Expert systems for medical diagnosis have addressed this challenge though the addition of explanation generation systems that explain a system’s internal processes. This paper(More)
Profiling gene expression in endothelial cells provides a strategy for developing a molecular understanding of normal vascular physiology and disease processes involving angiogenesis and vascular remodeling. However, the purification of endothelial cells for this purpose has been challenging because of the difficulty of isolating the cells and their low(More)
Endothelial expression of the gap junction proteins, connexin (Cx) 37, Cx40, and Cx43, varies within the vascular network. While previous studies suggest that shear stress may upregulate Cx43, it is not well understood if shear stress affects the expression of all endothelial connexins and to what extent. Endothelial cells on the upstream and downstream(More)