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The magnesium ion, Mg2+, is essential for myriad biochemical processes and remains the only major biological ion whose transport mechanisms remain unknown. The CorA family of magnesium transporters is the primary Mg2+ uptake system of most prokaryotes and a functional homologue of the eukaryotic mitochondrial magnesium transporter. Here we determine crystal(More)
MntH, a bacterial homolog of the mammalian natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1 (Nramp1), is a primary Mn(2+) transporter of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Escherichia coli. S. enterica serovar Typhimurium MntH expression is important for full virulence; however, strains carrying an mntH deletion are only partially attenuated and(More)
Much has changed in the last two years at DGVa (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/dgva) and dbVar (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/dbvar). We are now processing direct submissions rather than only curating data from the literature and our joint study catalog includes data from over 100 studies in 11 organisms. Studies from human dominate with data from control and case(More)
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether an early invasive approach (involving early coronary angiography followed by revascularisation if suitable) is superior to a conservative approach (with revascularisation only in patients with failed medical therapy) in patients with(More)
Review of the role of autophagy, with an emphasis on the signaling pathways that are involved in regulation, and the consequences of autophagy induction with regard to aging. Epo has multifold functions in the brain, making it a good therapeutic agent in brain diseases. The structures of the CorA and MgtE Mg 2+ channels suggest a mechanism of substrate(More)
The mgtC gene of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium encodes a membrane protein of unknown function that is important for full virulence in the mouse. Since mgtC is part of an operon with mgtB which encodes a Mg(2+)-transporting P-type ATPase, MgtC was hypothesized to function in ion transport, possibly in Mg(2+) transport. Consequently, MgtC was(More)
In animals, visual pigments are essential for photoreceptor function and survival. These G-protein-coupled receptors consist of a protein moiety (opsin) and a covalently bound 11-cis-retinylidene chromophore. The chromophore is derived from dietary carotenoids by oxidative cleavage and trans-to-cis isomerization of double bonds. In vertebrates, the(More)
To the Editor: When the road map for sequencing the human genome was laid out, the study of genetic variation was deemed a critical component 1 , with the mapping of SNPs initially being a priority. The availability of a high quality human reference assembly 2 facilitated the discovery and characterization of structural variation of DNA, with copy number(More)
Stuttering is a speech disorder that affects one-percent of all adults and much has been learned recently of its neurologic correlates. Stuttering has been associated with excessive cerebral activity of the neurotransmitter, dopamine. Pharmacologic research has suggested that older generation dopamine antagonist (i.e. "typical antipsychotic") medications(More)
The European Nucleotide Archive (ENA; http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena) is Europe's primary nucleotide sequence archival resource, safeguarding open nucleotide data access, engaging in worldwide collaborative data exchange and integrating with the scientific publication process. ENA has made significant contributions to the collaborative nucleotide archival arena(More)