Michael M Sokal

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BACKGROUND The most frequent site of metastases from prostate cancer is bone. Adjuvant bisphosphonate treatment improves outcomes of patients with bone metastasis-negative breast cancer, but the effects of bisphosphonates on bone metastases in prostate cancer are not known. METHODS We performed a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial to(More)
Note: page numbers in this manuscript will not match those in the published version. Abstract Three general arguments on the role of the Internet in developing areas have been suggested. The "elixir" argument holds that the Internet does not represent a potential problem but only an opportunity. Information technologies are a developmental tool on a par(More)
This note seeks to illustrate the value for research into psychology's past of several primary sources rarely used by historians of psychology. It does so by showing how 3 such sources-a university song book, an editorial cartoon, and FBI files about a distinguished psychologist-provide additional insights about a major historical incident previously(More)
Presents an obituary for Pauline Elizabeth Scarborough, who died on August 18, 2015, at her home in Mishawaka, Indiana, after a long and well-fought battle with cancer. Scarborough was a historian of psychology, whose studies of late-19th- and early-20th-century women psychologists (often with her close friend, Laurel Furumoto) revolutionized our(More)
The four reports that follow embody the second installment of a series designed both to provide an orienting overview of education in the history of psychology to prospective students in the field and to characterize one highly significant aspect of the state of the discipline as the century ends. Like those included in the first series, each of these(More)
The importance of laboratory instruments as sources for the writing of the history of psychology is stressed, and illustrated through the use of examples where their study has been profitable. Most importantly, the role of the Hipp chronoscope in the reaction-time experiment is discussed, and the importance of various changes introduced into its design by(More)