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This study describes the expression of the Zymomonas mobilis genes coding for pyruvate decarboxylase (pdc) and alcohol dehydrogenase (adh) in Lactobacillus casei 686. To promote transcription, the promoter and ribosome binding site (RBS) from the Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis- derived vector, pMGE36e, were inserted upstream of the pdc gene. The former(More)
This paper describes the ethanol tolerance and metabolism of 31 strains ofLactobacillus on glucose, xylose, lactose, cellobiose and starch. The purpose of this work was to determine the suitability of the 31 strains as potential host for the ethanol producing genes, pyruvate decarboxylase and aldehyde dehydrogenase, fromZymomonas mobilis. The 31 strains(More)
Human parainfluenza virus type 1 (hPIV-1) is the most common cause of laryngotracheobronchitis (croup), resulting in tens of thousands of hospitalizations each year in the United States alone. No licensed vaccine is yet available. We have developed murine PIV-1 (Sendai virus [SeV]) as a live Jennerian vaccine for hPIV-1. Here, we describe vaccine testing in(More)
Poultry skin was washed in sodium bicarbonate (0.5%) solution in a pilot plant facility to remove fat from skin. Composition of the washed product was determined and its functional properties were determined in a bologna product at the levels of 0, 10, and 20%. Washing reduced fat, and increased total protein and moisture in skin. Collagen content was(More)
Acid invertase plays an important role in plants by hydrolyzing sucrose. Compounds exhibiting cytokinin activity were examined for their effects on acid invertase activity at three tuberization stages of potato,Solanum tuberosum L. Single nodal segments from the cultivar Atlantic were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium with 6% sucrose and(More)
With clinical trials ongoing, efficient clinical production of adeno-associated virus (AAV) to treat large numbers of patients remains a challenge. We compared distribution of AAV8 packaged with Factor VIII (FVIII) in cell culture media and lysates on days 3, 5, 6, and 7 post-transfection and found increasing viral production through day 6, with the(More)
Size-based protein analysis utilizing only 25 ng of total proteins has been realized by sodium dodecyl sulfate capillary gel electrophoresis (SDS CGE) with head-column field-amplified sample stacking as an online sample preconcentration technique. This method has been used as a replacement of SDS-PAGE for purity analysis of adeno-associated virus (AAV)(More)
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors are increasingly popular in gene therapy because they are unassociated with human disease, replication dependent, and less immunogenic than other viral vectors and can infect a variety of cell types. These vectors have been used in over 130 clinical trials, and one AAV product has been approved for treatment of(More)
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