Michael M. Lahn

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Pulmonary ␥␦ T cells protect the lung and its functions, but little is known about their distribution in this organ and their relationship to other pulmonary cells. We now show that ␥␦ and ␣␤ T cells are distributed differently in the normal mouse lung. The ␥␦ T cells have a bias for nonal-veolar locations, with the exception of the airway mucosa. Subsets(More)
Since their discovery 15 years ago, the role of gammadelta T cells has remained somewhat elusive. Responses of gammadelta T cells have been found in numerous infectious and non-infectious diseases. New evidence points to gammadelta T cells' functioning in the airways to maintain normal airway responsiveness or tone. In the lung, distinct subsets of(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling regulates a wide range of biological processes. TGF-β plays an important role in tumorigenesis and contributes to the hallmarks of cancer, including tumor proliferation, invasion and metastasis, inflammation, angiogenesis, and escape of immune surveillance. There are several pharmacological approaches to(More)
BACKGROUND Both mechanistic features and recent correlative findings suggest a potential role for protein kinase C-beta (PKC-beta) in tumor pathogenesis, particularly in B-cell malignancies. To evaluate the role of this gene in lymphoid malignancies, we analyzed global gene expression data to quantify PKC-beta expression across diagnostic groups and, when(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) plays an important role in cancer, but accurate measurement of circulating TGFbeta is complicated by the high TGFbeta content of platelets which can release TGFbeta ex vivo. We evaluated the use of citrate-theophylline-adenosine-dipyridamole (CTAD) tubes to reduce preanalytical variation in TGFbeta measurements(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) have potential as anti-cancer agents by specifically modulating genes involved in tumorigenesis. However, little is known about ASO biodistribution and tissue pharmacokinetics (PKs) in humans, including whether sufficient delivery to target tumor tissue may be achieved. In this preliminary study in human subjects, we used(More)
We investigated the antitumour effect and ability to overcome the resistance to anti-EGFR drugs of enzastaurin, an inhibitor of VEGFR-dependent PKCbeta signalling. Enzastaurin was evaluated alone and in combination with the EGFR inhibitor gefitinib, on growth and signalling protein expression in human cancer cells sensitive and resistant to anti-EGFR drugs,(More)
Multiparametric analyses of phospho-protein activation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) offers a quantitative measure to monitor the activity of novel intracellular kinase (IK) inhibitors. As recent clinical investigation with FMS-like tyrosine-3 inhibitors demonstrated, targeting IK with selective inhibitors can have a modest clinical benefit.(More)
Purpose Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling plays a key role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of tumors, including malignant glioma. Small molecule inhibitors (SMI) blocking TGF-β signaling reverse EMT and arrest tumor progression. Several SMIs were developed, but currently only LY2157299 monohydrate (galunisertib) was advanced to(More)