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New drugs and molecular targets are needed against Trypanosoma brucei, the protozoan that causes African sleeping sickness. Tryptanthrin (indolo[2,1-b]quinazoline-6,12-dione), a traditional antifungal agent, and 11 analogs were tested against T. brucei in vitro. The greatest activity was conferred by electron-withdrawing groups in the 8 position of the(More)
In an effort to augment or displace petroleum as a source of liquid fuels and chemicals, researchers are seeking lower cost technologies that convert natural gas (largely methane) to products such as methanol. Current methane to methanol technologies based on highly optimized, indirect, high-temperature chemistry (>800 °C) are prohibitively expensive. A new(More)
We describe an efficient system for the direct partial oxidation of methane, ethane, and propane using iodate salts with catalytic amounts of chloride in protic solvents. In HTFA (TFA = trifluoroacetate), >20% methane conversion with >85% selectivity for MeTFA have been achieved. The addition of substoichiometric amounts of chloride is essential, and for(More)
The reaction of molecular oxygen with a Pd(II)-hydride species to form a Pd(II)-hydroperoxide represents one of the proposed catalyst reoxidation pathways in Pd-catalyzed aerobic oxidation reactions, but well-defined examples of this reaction were discovered only recently. Here, we present a mechanistic study of the reaction of O2 with trans-(IMes)(More)
Direct partial oxidation of methane, ethane, and propane to their respective trifluoroacetate esters is achieved by a homogeneous hypervalent iodine(III) complex in non-superacidic (trifluoroacetic acid) solvent. The reaction is highly selective for ester formation (>99%). In the case of ethane, greater than 0.5 M EtTFA can be achieved. Preliminary kinetic(More)
Designing oxidation catalysts based on CH activation with reduced, low oxidation state species is a seeming dilemma given the proclivity for catalyst deactivation by overoxidation. This dilemma has been recognized in the Shilov system where reduced Pt(II) is used to catalyze methane functionalization. Thus, it is generally accepted that key to replacing(More)
Much of the recent research on homogeneous alkane oxidation has focused on the use of transition metal catalysts. Here, we report that the electrophilic main-group cations thallium(III) and lead(IV) stoichiometrically oxidize methane, ethane, and propane, separately or as a one-pot mixture, to corresponding alcohol esters in trifluoroacetic acid solvent.(More)
The selective, oxidative functionalization of ethane, a significant component of shale gas, to products such as ethylene or ethanol at low temperatures and pressures remains a significant challenge. Herein we report that ethane is efficiently and selectively functionalized to the ethanol ester of H2SO4, ethyl bisulfate (EtOSO3H) as the initial product, with(More)
An eta2-peroxopalladium(II) complex, derived from dioxygen addition to Pd(IMes)2 (IMes = bis-1,3-di(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazoline-2-ylidene), has been isolated and characterized. Subsequent addition of HOAc to (IMes)2Pd(O2) yields the first example of a hydroperoxopalladium species derived from molecular oxygen. The characterization and reactivity(More)
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