Michael M. Galagudza

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Reduction of infarct size as well as alleviation of other ischemia- and reperfusion-associated injuries are the goals of primary importance in cardiology. One of the remedies is considered to be myocardial preconditioning (PreCon) referred usually to as an increased myocardial tolerance to prolonged ischemia following brief ischemic or non-ischemic(More)
OBJECTIVES Brief episodes of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion employed during reperfusion after a prolonged ischemic insult may attenuate the total ischemia-reperfusion injury. This phenomenon has been termed ischemic postconditioning. In the present study, we studied the possible effect of postconditioning on persistent reperfusion-induced ventricular(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY To evaluate the effects of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) on the perioperative period in elective aortic valve replacement (AVR) along different anaesthesia techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS 48 patients aged 50 to 75 years (64 (56;69)) which were scheduled for AVR due to aortic valve stenosis were included into the(More)
The aim of the present work was to study the effects of ischemic postconditioning (IPC) on neuron viability in hippocampal field CA1 and cytoplasmic lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in these cells in 30 male Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). Ischemic brain damage was modeled by bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries for 7 min. IPC(More)
The methods of donor heart preservation are aimed at minimizing graft dysfunction caused by ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) which inevitably occurs during the ex vivo transport interval. At present, the standard technique of heart preservation is cardiac arrest followed by static cold storage in a crystalloid heart preservation solution (HPS). This(More)
The protective effect of local or remote ischemic preconditioning (IPC) on subsequent 40-min ischemic and 120-min reperfusion myocardial damage was investigated. Preconditioned rats underwent one cycle of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion consisting of 5-min ischemia produced as a left coronary artery (LCA) occlusion and 5 min of reperfusion. Remote IPC was(More)
INTRODUCTION The present study tested the hypothesis that long-term effects of baroreceptor activation might contribute to the prevention of persistent arterial blood pressure (BP) increase in the rat model of renovascular hypertension (HTN). METHODS Repetitive arterial baroreflex (BR) testing was performed in normo- and hypertensive rats. The(More)
While the neuroprotective effect of green tea (Camellia sinensis) might be explained by the presence of amino acid L-theanine in the tea leaves, it is not known whether postischemic administration of L-theanine could also provide neuroprotection. In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of L-theanine (1 and 4 mg/kg) administered at(More)
Both silicon and silica nanoparticles (SiNPs and SiO2NPs, respectively) are currently considered to be promising carriers for targeted drug delivery. However, the available data on their in vivo toxicity are limited. The present study was aimed at investigation of SiNP and SiO2NP (mean diameter 10 and 13 nm, respectively) toxicity using both morphological(More)
The clinical outcome of patients with ischemic heart disease can be significantly improved with the implementation of targeted drug delivery into the ischemic myocardium. In this paper, we present our original findings relevant to the problem of therapeutic heart targeting with use of nanoparticles. Experimental approaches included fabrication of carbon and(More)