Michael M. Galagudza

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OBJECTIVES Brief episodes of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion employed during reperfusion after a prolonged ischemic insult may attenuate the total ischemia-reperfusion injury. This phenomenon has been termed ischemic postconditioning. In the present study, we studied the possible effect of postconditioning on persistent reperfusion-induced ventricular(More)
The aim of the present work was to study the effects of ischemic postconditioning (IPC) on neuron viability in hippocampal field CA1 and cytoplasmic lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in these cells in 30 male Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). Ischemic brain damage was modeled by bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries for 7 min. IPC(More)
We analyzed changes in activity of SDH, one of the most important enzymes of the Krebs cycle, in the cytoplasm of hippocampal and cortical neurons of Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) at the early and delayed reperfusion period after global brain ischemia. The data indicate that SDH activity in pyramidal neurons of various hippocampal areas and in(More)
Data on the influences of diabetes mellitus on the severity of ischemic damage to the myocardium are contradictory. We report here experiments using a model based on in vivo myocardial infarcts resulting from coronary occlusion to study the resistance of the myocardium in rats with alloxan-induced insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus to prolonged ischemia,(More)
The clinical outcome of patients with ischemic heart disease can be significantly improved with the implementation of targeted drug delivery into the ischemic myocardium. In this paper, we present our original findings relevant to the problem of therapeutic heart targeting with use of nanoparticles. Experimental approaches included fabrication of carbon and(More)
In recent years, evidence has been accumulated that metformin, an antidiabetic drug in the biguanide class, in addition to its well-recognized glucose-lowering effect, can also reduce cardiovascular mortality in the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Besides, there are a few experimental studies on the possibility of the direct anti-ischemic(More)
Pharmacological agents suggested for infarct size limitation have serious side effects when used at cardioprotective doses which hinders their translation into clinical practice. The solution to the problem might be direct delivery of cardioprotective drugs into ischemic-reperfused myocardium. In this study, we explored the potential of silica nanoparticles(More)
INTRODUCTION The present study tested the hypothesis that long-term effects of baroreceptor activation might contribute to the prevention of persistent arterial blood pressure (BP) increase in the rat model of renovascular hypertension (HTN). METHODS Repetitive arterial baroreflex (BR) testing was performed in normo- and hypertensive rats. The(More)
Experiments performed on mice C57Bl/6 with the use of GFP technology showed that activation of apoptosis is a potent physiological stimulus for targeted migration of mesenchymal stem cell from the blood to tissues. The effect of apoptosis-induced targeted migration of stem cells can be used in cell therapy of damaged organs and tissues in various(More)
The cardioprotective effects of necroptosis inhibitors necrostatin-1 and necrostatin-5 were studied on the isolated heart model in rats. Intraperitoneal injection of necrostatin-1 (1.65 mg/kg) or necrostatin-5 (2.46 mg/kg) 60 min before reperfusion of the isolated heart reduced the infarction zone caused by 30-min global ischemia and 120-min reperfusion.(More)