Michael M Brook

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BACKGROUND Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is frequently diagnosed prenatally, but this has not been shown to improve surgical outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS We reviewed patients with HLHS between July 1992 and March 1999 to determine the influence of prenatal diagnosis on preoperative clinical status, outcomes of stage 1 surgery, and parental(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension results in increased morbidity and mortality in children after surgical repair of congenital heart defects. Various vasodilators have been unsuccessful in providing preferential pulmonary vasodilation in these patients. Identification of a more preferential pulmonary vasodilator would improve the assessment, management, and(More)
Echocardiography has become the primary imaging tool in the diagnosis and assessment of congenital and acquired heart disease in infants, children, and adolescents. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is an ideal tool for cardiac assessment, as it is noninvasive, portable, and efficacious in providing detailed anatomic, hemodynamic, and physiologic(More)
A major advantage of echocardiography over other advanced imaging modalities (magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomographic angiography) is that echocardiography is mobile and real time. Echocardiograms can be recorded at the bedside, in the cardiac catheterization laboratory, in the cardiovascular intensive care unit, in the emergency room-indeed, any(More)
To investigate the oxygenation and haemodynamic dose response to inhaled nitric oxide in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN), we gave seven neonates nitric oxide and measured directly pulmonary arterial pressure. Inhaled nitric oxide produced peak improvement in oxygenation at 5 parts per million (ppm) whereas peak improvement in the(More)
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