Michael M Bliziotes

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BACKGROUND Serotonin transporters have recently been described in bone, raising the possibility that medications that block serotonin reuptake could affect bone metabolism. METHODS We assessed current use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and obtained serial bone mineral density (BMD) measurements in a(More)
BACKGROUND Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a widely used class of antidepressants that block the serotonin transporter. Osteoblasts and osteocytes express functional serotonin transporters; serotonin transporter gene disruption in mice results in osteopenia; and SSRI use has been associated with increased risk of hip fracture. METHODS(More)
CONTEXT Serotonin (5-HT) may be an important regulatory agent in bone, and agents that modify 5-HT signaling, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are in widespread clinical use. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION Evidence was obtained by PubMed search and the author's knowledge of the field. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS Recent data suggest that gut-derived(More)
Selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) antagonize the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) transporter (5-HTT), and are frequently prescribed to children and adolescents to treat depression. However, recent findings of functional serotonergic pathways in bone cells and preliminary clinical evidence demonstrating detrimental effects of SSRIs on bone(More)
Neurotransmitter regulation of bone metabolism has been a subject of increasing interest and investigation. We reported previously that osteoblastic cells express a functional serotonin (5-HT) signal transduction system, with mechanisms for responding to and regulating uptake of 5-HT. The clonal murine osteocytic cell line, MLO-Y4, demonstrates expression(More)
The age-related decline in beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR)-mediated vasorelaxation is associated with desensitization of beta-ARs without significant downregulation. The primary mode of this homologous beta-AR desensitization, in general, is via G protein receptor kinases (GRK). Therefore, we hypothesize that age-related changes in GRKs are causative to(More)
Neurotransmitter regulation of bone metabolism has been the subject of increasing interest and investigation. Because serotonin (5-HT) plays a role as a regulator of craniofacial morphogenesis, we investigated the expression and function of 5-HT receptors and the 5-HT transporter (5-HTT) in bone. Primary cultures of rat osteoblasts (rOB) and a variety of(More)
Novel molecular pathways obligatory for bone health are being rapidly identified. One pathway recently revealed involves gut-derived 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) mediation of the complete skeletal effects of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5). Mounting evidence supports 5-HT as an important regulatory compound in bone with previous(More)
Cushing's syndrome in infancy is uncommon. In this report, we describe an infant with ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome in which an activating mutation in the stimulatory G-protein (Gs alpha) was detected. The patient presented at 3 months of age with Cushingoid features, poor linear growth, and elevated liver enzymes. Plasma ACTH and dexamethasone(More)
Alopecia is a frequent feature in hereditary resistance to (1,25(OH)2D). We sought insight into this feature by analysing data from affected members of 30 kindreds. We assessed indices of mineral metabolism in one group with normal hair compared with a group with alopecia. Hereditary resistance to 1,25(OH)2D was diagnosed at an earlier age in alopecic(More)