Learn More
The precise assessment of the dose-response to bronchodilators in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is hindered by the low signal to noise ratio of the typical clinical endpoint FEV(1). Kinetic-pharmacodynamic (K-PD) models which use time course of response over a range of doses are in principle suited for the assessment of the dose(More)
AIMS Glycopyrronium bromide (NVA237) is a once-daily long-acting muscarinic antagonist recently approved for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In this study, we used population pharmacokinetic (PK) modelling to provide insights into the impact of the lung PK of glycopyrronium on its systemic PK profile and, in turn, to understand the(More)
The pharmacokinetics of thiamine in plasma and urine was investigated in 13 healthy and 3 renal-insufficient volunteers. Doses ranging from 5 to 200 mg thiamine hydrochloride were administered either as an iv bolus or a 50-min infusion. A sum of 3 exponentials was used as the unit impulse response function to characterize plasma kinetics. Drug input was(More)
AIMS To develop a population pharmacokinetic model for penciclovir (famciclovir is a prodrug of penciclovir) in adults and children and suggest an appropriate dose for children. Furthermore, to develop a limited sampling design based on sampling windows for three different paediatric age groups (1-2, 2-5 and 5-12 years) using an adequate number of subjects(More)
The renal clearance of N1-methylnicotinamide (NMN) was studied in 8 young women at physiological steady state and at steady state following a combined loading bolus and iv infusion. Urinary NMN concentrations were determined using a new HPLC method, plasma levels by a conventional fluorescence method. At physiological levels net tubular secretion of NMN was(More)
BACKGROUND Lumiracoxib is a new cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) selective inhibitor in development for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and acute pain. OBJECTIVE To investigate the pharmacokinetics of lumiracoxib in plasma and knee joint synovial fluid from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. DESIGN Open-label multiple-dose study(More)
The pharmacokinetics of trapidil were studied in 15 patients with chronic liver disease (12 with hepatic cirrhosis, 2 with alcoholic fatty liver, 1 with liver fibrosis). Trapidil was administered intravenously as a 100-mg bolus. Serum samples were analyzed for trapidil by means of high-performance liquid chromatography. Mean pharmacokinetic parameters were(More)
BACKGROUND Indacaterol is a once-daily long-acting inhaled β2-agonist indicated for maintenance treatment of moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The large inter-patient and inter-study variability in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) with bronchodilators makes determination of optimal doses difficult in conventional(More)
A population kinetic analysis was carried out on sparse plasma gentamicin (GE) concentration data from 469 neonates obtained as part of a routine therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) programme in the hospital neonatology unit. The best predictors of the kinetic parameters of the monoexponential model, volume of distribution (Vd) and clearance (CL), were the(More)
A three-compartment model was fitted to idarubicin data in a NONMEM pooled-data approach. Clearance (CL) of 221.7 ml/min was relatively high, and drug distribution was rapid (CLD = 248.3 ml/min) and extensive [steady-state volume of distribution (Vss) 24 1]. The area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of idarbicinol was 8 times that of idarubicin.(More)