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BACKGROUND Mortality rates associated with pancreatic resection for cancer have steadily decreased with time, but improvements in long-term survival are less clear. This prospective study evaluated risk factors for survival after resection for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS Data from 366 consecutive patients recorded prospectively between November(More)
Leukocyte recruitment is crucial for the response to vascular injury in spontaneous and accelerated atherosclerosis. Whereas the mechanisms of leukocyte adhesion to endothelium or matrix-bound platelets have been characterized, less is known about the proadhesive role of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) exposed after endothelial denudation. In laminar flow(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence indicates that stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) is expressed in human atherosclerotic plaques, whereas high plasma levels are clinically associated with stable coronary artery disease. Herein, we investigate the involvement of SDF-1alpha in neointimal formation after vascular injury. METHODS AND RESULTS SDF-1alpha(More)
BACKGROUND Humans and other organisms are equipped with a set of responses that can prevent damage from exposure to a multitude of endogenous and environmental stressors. If these stress responses are overwhelmed, this can result in pathogenesis of diseases, which is reflected by an increased development of, e.g., pulmonary and cardiac diseases in humans(More)
OBJECTIVE The junctional adhesion molecule (JAM)-A on endothelium contributes to the inflammatory recruitment of mononuclear cells involving engagement of its integrin receptor lymphocyte function-associated antigen (LFA)-1. It is unknown whether these functions can be inhibited by soluble forms of JAM-A, whether JAM-A is expressed on atherosclerotic(More)
The ubiquitous free radical nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in many biological processes, including the regulation of both vascular tone and inflammatory response; however, its role in the effects of cigarette smoke exposure on atherosclerosis remains unclear. Our aim was to study the mechanisms of NO regulation in endothelial cells in response to(More)
Cigarette smoke, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension with the risk of development and progression of atherosclerosis and associated pathologies such as abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) are correlated. We examined the interaction of cigarette mainstream smoke (MS) and angiotensin-II (Ang II)-induced hypertension in the atherosclerotic process using(More)
The cyclopentenone prostaglandins (cPG) 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (dPGJ2) and PGA1 can inhibit multiple steps in nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB signaling and can induce cell death. Here we characterized the effects of dPGJ2 and PGA1 on the inflammatory induction of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (CAM). Pretreatment of endothelial cells with(More)
Tobacco smoke exerts perturbations on lipid metabolism and arterial cell function that accelerate atherosclerosis. Lipidomics has emerged as a key technology in helping to elucidate the lipid-related mechanisms of atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the effects of smoking cessation on plaque development and aortic arch content of various lipid(More)
OBJECTIVE Although relationships between smoking and cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and between CVD and lipids are established, the direct impact of smoking on lipidomes is not well understood. We investigated the effect of mainstream cigarette smoke (CS) exposure on plasma, liver, and aorta molecular lipid profiles, and liver transcriptome in the ApoE(-/-)(More)