Michael Lichtwarck-Aschoff

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OBJECTIVE To compare two thermodilution methods for the determination of cardiac output (CO)-thermodilution in the pulmonary artery (COpa) and thermodilution in the femoral artery (COa)-with each other and with CO determined by continuous pulse contour analysis (COpc) in terms of reproducibility, bias, and correlation among the different methods. Good(More)
OBJECTIVE Bedside monitoring of circulating blood volume has become possible with the introduction of an integrated fiberoptic monitoring system that calculates blood volume from the changes in blood concentration of indocyanine green dye 4 mins after injection. The aim of this investigation was to compare the blood volume estimate of the integrated(More)
In patients mechanically ventilated for severe respiratory failure, respiratory system mechanics are non-linear, i.e., volume-dependent. We present a new computer-based multipoint method for simultaneously determining volume-dependent dynamic compliance and resistance. Our method is based on continuously determined tracheal pressure (Ptrach). Tidal volume(More)
OBJECTIVE Adaptation of ventilator settings to the individual's respiratory system mechanics requires information about the pressure-volume relationship and the change of compliance which is dependent on inflated volume. Unfortunately, established methods of obtaining this information are invasive and time-consuming, and, therefore, not well suited for(More)
Mechanical ventilation (MV) with positive pressure insufflations of gas into the lung may be required to ensure sufficient oxygenation of blood and elimination of carbon dioxide in acute respiratory failure. Interfacing spontaneous breathing and mechanical ventilation has been used to improve gas exchange and may offer other advantages regarding integrity(More)
In the clinical situation and in most research work, the analysis of respiratory system mechanics is limited to the estimation of single-value compliances during static or quasi-static conditions. In contrast, our SLICE method analyses intratidal nonlinearity under the dynamic conditions of mechanical ventilation by calculating compliance and resistance for(More)
If peak inspiratory airway pressure (Ppeak) is used to monitor airway patency, progressive obstruction of the endotracheal tube (ETT) resulting from secretions can go undetected for a prolonged period. The reason is that any increase in Ppeak depends not only on the degree of narrowing but also on the inspiratory flow () rate. Although the impact of(More)
Positive pressure ventilation in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) may render the interpretation of central venous pressure (CVP) or pulmonary wedge pressure (PCWP) difficult as indicators of circulating volume. The preload component of cardiac (CI) and stroke index (SI) is also influenced by the increased intrathoracic pressures of positive(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute obstruction of endotracheal tubes (ETT) increases airway pressure, decreases tidal volume, increases the risk of dynamic hyperinflation by prolonging the duration of passive expiration, and prevents reliable calculation of tracheal pressure. We propose a computer-assisted method for detecting ETT obstruction during controlled mechanical(More)