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In 19 anesthetized piglets 3 ventilatory modes were studied after inducing pulmonary insufficiency by bronchoalveolar lavage by the method of Lachmann. The lavage model was considered suitable for reproduction of severe respiratory distress. This model was reproducible and stable with respect to alveolar collapse, decrease in static chest-lung compliance(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare two thermodilution methods for the determination of cardiac output (CO)-thermodilution in the pulmonary artery (COpa) and thermodilution in the femoral artery (COa)-with each other and with CO determined by continuous pulse contour analysis (COpc) in terms of reproducibility, bias, and correlation among the different methods. Good(More)
Automatic tube compensation (ATC) is a new option to compensate for the non-linearly flow-dependent pressure drop across an endotracheal or tracheostomy tube (ETT) during inspiration and expiration. ATC is based on a closed-loop working principle. ATC is not a true ventilatory mode but rather a new option which can be combined with all conventional(More)
In patients mechanically ventilated for severe respiratory failure, respiratory system mechanics are non-linear, i.e., volume-dependent. We present a new computer-based multipoint method for simultaneously determining volume-dependent dynamic compliance and resistance. Our method is based on continuously determined tracheal pressure (Ptrach). Tidal volume(More)
In the clinical situation and in most research work, the analysis of respiratory system mechanics is limited to the estimation of single-value compliances during static or quasi-static conditions. In contrast, our SLICE method analyses intratidal nonlinearity under the dynamic conditions of mechanical ventilation by calculating compliance and resistance for(More)
OBJECTIVE Bedside monitoring of circulating blood volume has become possible with the introduction of an integrated fiberoptic monitoring system that calculates blood volume from the changes in blood concentration of indocyanine green dye 4 mins after injection. The aim of this investigation was to compare the blood volume estimate of the integrated(More)
The lower inflection point (LIP) of the inspiratory limb of a static pressure-volume (PV) loop is assumed to indicate the pressure at which most lung units are recruited. The LIP is determined by a static manoeuvre with a PV-history that is different from the PV-history of the actual ventilation. In nine surfactant-deficient piglets, information to allow(More)
BACKGROUND For mechanical ventilation to be lung-protective, an accepted suggestion is to place the tidal volume (V(T)) between the lower and upper inflection point of the airway pressure-volume relation. The drawback of this approach is, however, that the pressure-volume relation is assessed under quasistatic, no-flow conditions, which the lungs never(More)
Objective: Acute obstruction of endotracheal tubes (ETT) increases airway pressure, decreases tidal volume, increases the risk of dynamic hyperinflation by prolonging the duration of passive expiration, and prevents reliable calculation of tracheal pressure. We propose a computer-assisted method for detecting ETT obstruction during controlled mechanical(More)