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BACKGROUND The European Working Time Directive (EWTD) became law in Britain on October 1, 1998. As a result, the maximum period that may be spent as a resident in hospitals is 56 hours per week and after August 2009, 48 hours per week. The aim of this study was to determine the views of senior house officers (SHOs), specialist registrars (SpRs), and general(More)
A prospective study of 77 patients undergoing open cholecystectomy was undertaken to establish the degree of satisfaction experienced by these patients. Specific symptoms were recorded preoperatively and at one year postoperatively. Two patients died from unrelated diseases during the year of follow-up and were excluded from the analysis. All symptoms(More)
A population-based prospective cohort study of personal exposure to magnetic fields during pregnancy and the risk of miscarriage. Epidemiology 2002;13:9-20. 11 Anderson PK, Gill RD. Cox's regression model for counting processes: a large sample study. 16 Van der Weiden RM, Wouters JM. Infertility may sometimes be associated with non-steroidal(More)
Forty patients scheduled for elective Caesarean section under general anaesthesia were divided into two groups. A control group of 20 patients was treated conventionally, whereas the other group was offered a light breakfast of tea and toast within 4 h of surgery. The volume of gastric contents was significantly greater (P less than or equal to 0.02) and(More)
Seventy-four patients with a pre-operative diagnosis of stomach or oesophageal cancer were entered into a randomized, controlled clinical trial to assess the value of a short course of pre-operative intravenous nutrition. The effectiveness of this treatment was assessed by the clinical course and monitored by means of immune and biochemical profiles.(More)
The problems encountered in the surgical treatment of pancreatic cancer are outlined on the basis of a review of the literature published in the last 15 years and the authors' experience with 157 patients over the period 1970 to 1977. The overwhelming evidence favors resection as opposed to any palliative procedure. Although the number of patients eligible(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the cellular membrane damage and postoperative morbidity associated with obligatory ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) during vascular surgery. Thus, a clinical study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of ascorbate prophylaxis on ROS exchange kinetics in 22 patients scheduled for elective abdominal aortic(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been hypothesized that Sydenham's chorea, a major manifestation of rheumatic fever, may provide a medical model for obsessive-compulsive disorder and associated conditions, such as Tourette's syndrome. Monoclonal antibody D8/17 identifies a B lymphocyte antigen with expanded expression in nearly all patients with rheumatic fever and is(More)
INTRODUCTION The aims of this study were to audit results of a 10-year experience of surgery for acute limb ischaemia (ALI) in terms of limb salvage and mortality rates, and to compare results with a historical published series from our unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS All emergency operations performed during the period 1993-2003 were identified from theatre(More)