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The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonists, atropine and pirenzepine, produced an apparent insurmountable antagonism of muscarinic M(1) receptor-mediated intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells when tested against the agonists carbachol or xanomeline. Each antagonist caused a dextral shift of the agonist(More)
Many G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) possess allosteric binding sites distinct from the orthosteric site utilized by their cognate ligands, but most GPCR allosteric modulators reported to date lack signaling efficacy in their own right. McN-A-343 (4-(N-(3-chlorophenyl)carbamoyloxy)-2-butynyltrimethylammonium chloride) is a functionally selective(More)
1. The interaction between the cannabinoid agonists, WIN 55,212-2 or CP 55,940 with the CB(1) receptor-selective antagonists, SR141716A or LY320135 was investigated using the rat electrically-stimulated vas deferens bioassay. 2. Tissues were stimulated by single-field pulses (150 V, 0.5 ms) delivered every 30 mins. In the presence of nifedipine (3 microM),(More)
This sketch presents a real-time system that aims to bridge a gap between machine listening technology, and self-editing, self-synchronizing video: a movie organizes itself from "listening" to music. In our current demonstration, a series of short video clips of "Cati" dancing, originally shot at different tempi, are arbitrarily sequenced, always in sync(More)
1. A cyclic dimeric nonapeptide neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptor antagonist, 1229U91, was synthesized by Fmoc chemistry and dimerised in solution. Its effects were assayed in mesenteric arteries from rats and mice, and in rat vas deferens. 2. Mesenteric arteries were cannulated and pressurised to 55 mmHg and the external diameters continuously measured. NPY,(More)
This thesis presents several new percussion instruments that explore the ideas of musical networks; playing, recording, and developing musical material; continuous control over rhythm and timbre; pressure sensing; and electronic / acoustic hybrids. These instruments use the tools of electronics and computation to extend the role of percussion by creating(More)
1 Vas deferens from guinea-pig was stimulated with a suction electrode and both contractions and release of endogenous ATP monitored 2 Release of ATP was tetrodotoxin-sensitive and increased when the number of stimuli was increased. 3 Release of ATP was not due to contraction of the muscle and persisted following block of contractions with prazosin and(More)
This paper is intended to assist pharmacologists to make the most of statistical analysis and avoid common errors. A scenario, in which an experimenter performed an experiment in two separate stages, combined the control groups for analysis and found some surprising results, is presented. The consequences of combined controls are discussed, appropriate(More)