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Ethanol and other drugs of abuse modulate cAMP-PKA signaling within the mesolimbic reward pathway. To understand the role of the cAMP-PKA signal transduction in mediating the effects of ethanol, we have studied ethanol consumption and the sedative effects of ethanol in three lines of genetically modified mice. We report that mice with the targeted(More)
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably expressing the human insulin receptor and the rat glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor (CHO/GLPR) were used to study the functional coupling of the GLP-1 receptor with G proteins and to examine the regulation of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling pathway by GLP-1. We showed that ligand(More)
CRH and CRH-related peptides such as urocortin mediate their actions in the human myometrium via activation of two distinct classes of CRH receptors, R1 and R2. These heptahelical receptors are able to stimulate a number of different intracellular signals; one key mediator of G protein-activated intracellular signaling is the cascade of p42/p44,(More)
BACKGROUND Progressive osseous heteroplasia (POH), an autosomal dominant disorder, is characterized by extensive dermal ossification during childhood, followed by disabling and widespread heterotopic ossification of skeletal muscle and deep connective tissue. Occasional reports of mild heterotopic ossification in Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO)(More)
Cimetidine is considered to be a general inhibitor of cytochrome P-450 enzymes, but there is indirect evidence that certain cytochrome P-450 enzymes are not inhibited by cimetidine. The purpose of this study was to determine whether cimetidine, when administered in vivo to adult male Wistar rats, selectively inhibits hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450(More)
The synthesis of bioactive vitamin D requires hydroxylation at the 1 alpha and 25 positions by cytochrome P450 enzymes in the kidney and liver, respectively. The mitochondrial enzyme CYP27B1 catalyzes 1 alpha-hydroxylation in the kidney but the identity of the hepatic 25-hydroxylase has remained unclear for >30 years. We previously identified the microsomal(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroglobulin mRNA can be detected qualitatively in the peripheral blood of patients with metastatic thyroid cancer, thyroid cancer patients with residual thyroid bed uptake, and individuals with no known thyroid disease with intact thyroid glands by use of a lengthy, highly sensitive extraction technique. To improve and broaden the clinical(More)
McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is characterized by polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, café-au-lait lesions, and a variety of endocrine disorders, including precocious puberty, hyperthyroidism, hypercortisolism, growth hormone excess, and hyperprolactinemia. The diverse metabolic abnormalities seen in MAS share the involvement of cells that respond to(More)