Michael Lebert

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Research in microgravity is indispensable to disclose the impact of gravity on biological processes and organisms. However, research in the near-Earth orbit is severely constrained by the limited number of flight opportunities. Ground-based simulators of microgravity are valuable tools for preparing spaceflight experiments, but they also facilitate(More)
We analysed and compared the functioning of UV-B screening pigments in plants from marine, fresh water and terrestrial ecosystems, along the evolutionary line of cyanobacteria, unicellular algae, primitive multicellular algae, charophycean algae, lichens, mosses and higher plants, including amphibious macrophytes. Lichens were also included in the study. We(More)
Gravitaxis in unicellular microorganisms like Euglena gracilis has been known for more than 100 years. The current model explains this phenomenon on the basis of a specific density difference between cell body and surrounding medium. In order to test the feasibility of the current model in terms of physical considerations the specific density of different(More)
The mechanism of photoinhibition was investigated in three representative macroalgal species growing on the coast of Patagonia: the chlorophyte Ulva rigida C. Agardh, the rhodophyte Porphyra columbina Montagne and the phaeophyte Dictyota dichotoma (Huds.) Lamour. Dark adapted specimens were exposed to 15 min unfiltered solar radiation to induce(More)
halobacterium salinarium (formerly H. halobium) is a chemotactic and phototactic archaeon from which volatile methyl groups are released continually, a phenomenon related to its sensory system. We found that released methyl groups comprised two different chemical species, methanol and methanethiol, the sulfur analog of methanol. Radiolabeling experiments(More)
Methyl-accepting taxis proteins were identified and characterized in Halobacterium halobium, an archaebacterial species that is both chemotactic and phototactic. The data suggest direct involvement of methylation and demethylation in mechanisms of both chemotaxis and phototaxis and identify adaptation as the sensory process in which those reactions are(More)
Chlorophyllin kills mosquito larvae (Culex, Aedes) in the aquatic habitat at low concentrations via photodynamic reactions under irradiation. The effects of chlorophyllin were investigated at the cellular level using the transparent larvae of Chaoborus crystallinus as a model system. Their transparency enabled in situ fluorescence investigation, showing(More)
The effects of ultraviolet-B (UV-B, 280-315 nm) irradiation on survival, growth and phycobilisome assembly have been studied in the N2-fixing cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. Survival and growth were virtually arrested after 120 min of UV irradiation. The phycobiliprotein fractions showed a decrease in absorption and fluorescence as well as a shift towards shorter(More)
Ionizing radiation is recognized to be one of the main health concerns for humans in the space radiation environment. Estimation of space radiation effects on health requires the accurate knowledge of the accumulated absorbed dose, which depends on the global space radiation distribution, solar cycle and local shielding generated by the 3D mass distribution(More)
Phycobiliproteins are homologous chromoproteins which constitute the phycobilisomes, the light harvesting complexes of the photosynthetic apparatus in cyanobacteria, rhodophyta and cryptophyta. In the present work, phycocyanin (PC) and phycoerythrin (PE) from a Nostoc species are proposed as protein markers for electrophoretic techniques. Phycocyanin is a(More)