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Disclaimer The views expressed in this study represent the views of Öko-Institut and the author only and not those of the German Federal Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt) or any other organisation.
The ideas expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent views of the OECD, the IEA, or their Member countries. development of analytical papers for the purpose of providing useful and timely input to the climate change negotiations. These papers may also be useful to national policy makers and other decision-makers. In a… (More)
Heitz of Energy Foundation for their help in supporting our modeling capabilities. The energy efficiency analyses and inputs to our modeling effort for buildings, industry and light duty vehicles were provided by ACEEE (DeDicco of Environmental Defense. Modifications to the NEMS model, particularly as related to renewables in the electricity sector, were… (More)
The challenges involved in establishing technology metrics are intimately tied to the complexity of the technology development process itself. Financial investment in R&D is necessary, but by no means sufficient. Effort must also be invested across a broad spectrum of objectives: building capacity, establishing new institutions, mobilizing political… (More)
Executive Summary This study provides a first-cut estimate of the potential carbon emissions impacts of the CDM, focusing on new power plants in the power sector of non-Annex 1 countries. We conclude that while the CDM could induce some legitimate lower-emission electricity generation in host countries, it could also give rise to a considerable amount of… (More)
An estimated 2.6 billion people rely on traditional biomass for home cooking and heating, so improving the efficiency of household cookstoves could provide significant environmental , social and economic benefits. Some researchers have estimated that potential greenhouse gas emission reductions could exceed 1 billion tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e)… (More)
In order to realize the promise of a hydrogen economy in this United States, it is essential to couple it with a simultaneous commitment to improve energy efficiency and increase the use of renewable energy. In this study, using detailed scenario analyses for the country as a whole and for urban areas, we found that a large-scale switch to hydrogen produced… (More)