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The central role of the hypothalamus in the origination and/or processing of feeding-related stimuli may be modulated by the activity of other functional areas of the brain including the insular cortex (involved in enteroceptive monitoring) and the prefrontal cortex (involved in the inhibition of inappropriate response tendencies). Regional cerebral blood(More)
The authors developed and tested a method for the noninvasive quantification of the cerebral metabolic rate for glucose (CMRglc) using positron emission tomography (PET), 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose, the Patlak method, and an image-derived input function. Dynamic PET data acquired 12 to 48 seconds after rapid tracer injection were summed to identify carotid(More)
BACKGROUND The sensation of taste provides reinforcement for eating and is of possible relevance to the clinical problem of obesity. OBJECTIVE Positron emission tomography (PET) was used to explore regions of the brain that were preferentially affected during the taste perception of a liquid meal by 11 right-handed, lean men in the fasting state. DESIGN(More)
Successful surgical management of a neoplastic or nonneoplastic seizure focus in close proximity to or within eloquent brain areas relies on precise delineation of the relationship between the lesion and functional brain areas. The aim of this series was to validate the usefulness and test the efficacy of noninvasive presurgical PET mapping of eloquent(More)
OBJECT The magnetic stereotaxis system (MSS) is a device designed to direct catheter tips through magnetic forces. In this study the authors tested the safety and performance of the MSS in directing catheters through a nonlinear path to obtain biopsy specimens in pig brains. METHODS Sixteen pigs underwent biopsy of the frontal brain region with the aid of(More)
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are enzymes that cleave acetyl groups from acetyl-lysine residues in histones and various nonhistone proteins. Unlike the other three of the four classes of HDACs that have been identified in humans, which are zinc-dependent amidohydrolases, class III HDACs depend on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) for their catalytic(More)
In this paper, we developed and tested strategies for estimating myocardial blood flow (MBF) and generating MBF parametric images using positron emission tomography (PET), N-13 ammonia, and the generalized linear least square (GLLS) method. GLLS was generalized to the general linear compartment model, modified for the correction of spillover, validated(More)
Thrombotic occlusion remains a major cause of central venous catheter removal prior to completion of therapy. Injection of a dilute solution of a potent fibrinolytic agent, urokinase or streptokinase, into the occluded Silastic central venous catheter consistently reestablishes its patency. This procedure was performed on 352 occluded silicone elastomer(More)
Prediction of the binding strength of untested ligands is a central issue in structure-based drug design. In order to rapidly screen large compound databases, simple scoring schemes are often used in target-based virtual screening. The resulting scores often correlate poorly with biological affinities. More rigorous scoring methods, such as MM-PB/SA,(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this report is to demonstrate the value of functional brain mapping using the positron emission tomography (PET) method for preoperative neurosurgical planning in children with brain tumors. Brain maps were used to characterize the relationship between potentially resectable tumors and functionally eloquent brain areas. METHODS Five(More)