Michael Lahn

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Glioma-initiating cells (GICs), also called glioma stem cells, are responsible for tumor initiation, relapse, and therapeutic resistance. Here, we show that TGF-β inhibitors, currently under clinical development, target the GIC compartment in human glioblastoma (GBM) patients. Using patient-derived specimens, we have determined the gene responses to TGF-β(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma arises in patients as a consequence of long-standing preexisting liver illnesses, including viral hepatitis, alcohol abuse, or metabolic disease. In such preexisting liver diseases, TGF-β plays an important role in orchestrating a favorable microenvironment for tumor cell growth and promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT).(More)
Even though myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, the molecular alterations that lead to marrow failure have not been well elucidated. We have previously shown that the myelosuppressive TGF-β pathway is constitutively activated in MDS progenitors. Because there is conflicting data about upregulation of extracellular(More)
Human xenografts Calu6 (non-small cell lung cancer) and MX1 (breast cancer) were implanted subcutaneously in nude mice and LY2157299, a new type I receptor TGF-beta kinase antagonist, was administered orally. Plasma levels of LY2157299, percentage of phosphorylated Smad2,3 (pSmad) in tumour, and tumour size were used to establish a semi-mechanistic(More)
The mechanisms regulating airway function are complex and still poorly understood. In diseases such as asthma, involvement of immune-dependent mechanisms has been suggested in causing changes in airway responsiveness to bronchoconstrictors. We now demonstrate that gammadelta T cells can regulate airway function in an alphabeta T cell-independent manner,(More)
The V gamma 6/V delta 1(+) cells, the second murine gamma delta T cell subset to arise in the thymus, express a nearly invariant T cell receptor (TCR), colonize select tissues, and expand preferentially in other tissues during inflammation. These cells are thought to help in regulating the inflammatory response. Until now, V gamma 6/V delta 1(+) cells have(More)
Advances in understanding the role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in tumorigenesis have led to the development of TGF-beta inhibitors for cancer treatment. Three platforms of TGF-beta inhibitors have evolved: antisense oligonucleotides, monoclonal antibodies and small molecules. In this review, the current stage of development of each known(More)
Tumor cells transfected to express immunostimulatory cytokines, or admixed with similarly modified bystander cells, are able to induce immune responses against unmodified tumor cells in animal models. For treatment of human patients, a vaccine composed of autologous tumor cells and IL-2-secreting allogeneic fibroblasts was developed. Autologous tumor cells(More)
One of the main complications in patients with liver fibrosis is the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). An understanding of the molecular mechanisms leading to HCC is important in order to be able to design new pharmacological agents serving either to prevent or mitigate the outcome of this malignancy. The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β)(More)