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Relative importance of genetic, ontogenetic, induction, and seasonal variation in producing a multivariate defense phenotype in a foundation tree species
Plant adaptations for defense against herbivory vary both among species and among genotypes. Moreover, numerous forms of within-plant variation in defense, including ontogeny, induction, and seasonalExpand
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Elevated carbon dioxide and ozone have weak, idiosyncratic effects on herbivorous forest insect abundance, species richness, and community composition
Elevated concentrations of carbon dioxide and tropospheric ozone pose important threats to the abundance, diversity, and composition of forest arthropod communities. In turn, modification ofExpand
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Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and ozone alter forest insect abundance and community composition
Abstract.  1 Human‐induced climate changes threaten the health of forest ecosystems. In particular, carbon dioxide (CO2) and tropospheric ozone (O3) will likely have significant but opposing impactsExpand
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Elevated CO2 interacts with herbivory to alter chlorophyll fluorescence and leaf temperature in Betula papyrifera and Populus tremuloides
Herbivory can influence ecosystem productivity, but recent evidence suggests that damage by herbivores modulates potential productivity specific to damage type. Because productivity is linked toExpand
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Performance of the invasive weevil Polydrusus sericeus is influenced by atmospheric CO2 and host species
1 Natural forest systems constitute a major portion of the world's land area, and are subject to the potentially negative effects of both global climate change and invasion by exotic insects. A suiteExpand
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Soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization following deposition of insect frass and greenfall from forests under elevated CO2 and O3
Elevated CO2 and O3 alter tree quality and the quality of herbivore inputs, such as frass, to forest soil. Altered quality or quantity of herbivore inputs to the forest floor can have large impactsExpand
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