Michael L. Swafford

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We organize an empirical analysis of Russian wage arrears around hypotheses concerning factors t hat create incentives for firms to pay late and for workers to tolerate late payment, both reinforced by a prevalent environment of overdue wages. Our analysis draws upon nationally representative household panel data matched with employer data to show(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. Research disseminated by IZA may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between(More)
Mallard TM is a World Wide Web based interactive learning environment suitable for use in a wide variety of courses. Mallard TM provides a secure environment within which one can organize online course material and test students via interactive quizzes with instantaneous problem correction and grading. In addition, Mallard TM provides administrative(More)
our colleagues and collaborators in data collection. We are also grateful to valuable comments and suggestions; and to Tacis ACE, MacArthur Foundation, Ruben Rausing Fund, and the CEU Research Board for support of data collection. None of these individuals or organizations, however, should be held responsible for our analysis and conclusions. Abstract We(More)
What role do community norms play in the diffusion and persistence of new organizational practices? We explore this question through an examination of the widespread practice of wage arrears, the late and non-payment of wages, in Russia during the 1990s. Existing research on wage arrears most often examines this practice as a means of flexible wage(More)
We organize an empirical analysis of Russian wage arrears around the hypothesis that peculiar factors create incentives for firms to pay late and for workers to tolerate late payment, both reinforced by a prevalent environment of overdue wages. Nationally representative, linked employee-employer panel data show intra-and inter-firm variation in arrears, and(More)
  • John S Earle, Site, Klara Z Sabirianova, Ru, Serhiy Biletsky, Tito Boeri +17 others
  • 1999
Working papers from the Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics and East European Economies are preliminary in nature, and are circulated to promote discussion and critical comment. Any references to individual working papers should clearly state that the paper is preliminary. The views expressed here are the authors' own and not necessarily those of(More)
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