Michael L. Steer

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Substance P, acting via the neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R), plays an important role in mediating a variety of inflammatory processes. However, its role in acute pancreatitis has not been previously described. We have found that, in normal mice, substance P levels in the pancreas and pancreatic acinar cell expression of NK1R are both increased during(More)
The subcellular distribution of the lysosomal enzymes cathepsin B and D in the pancreas was evaluated in rats infused with saline (control) or a maximal (0.25 microgram . kg-1 . h-1) or a supramaximally stimulating dose (5 micrograms . kg-1 . h-1) of the secretagogue caerulein. The latter results in acute edematous pancreatitis, inhibition of digestive(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mechanisms by which reflux of bile acids into the pancreas induces pancreatitis are unknown. We reasoned that key events responsible for this phenomenon might be mediated by Gpbar1, a recently identified and widely expressed G-protein-coupled, cell surface bile acid receptor. METHODS Acute pancreatitis was induced in wild-type and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to test the accuracy of helical CT with and without CT angiography to predict vascular involvement from pancreatic cancer and correlate the resultant images with findings at surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Helical CT and CT angiography was done in 84 patients who had adenocarcinoma of the pancreas to refine an(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and neutrophils play important roles in many inflammatory processes, but their importance in both acute pancreatitis and pancreatitis-associated lung injury has not been defined. METHODS To address this issue, mice that do not express ICAM-1 were used and depleted of neutrophils by(More)
The mechanisms responsible for intrapancreatic digestive enzyme activation as well as the relationship between that activation and cell injury during pancreatitis are not understood. We have employed an in vitro system in which freshly prepared pancreatic acini are exposed to a supramaximally stimulating concentration of the CCK analog caerulein to explore(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent reports suggest that platelet-activating factor (PAF) plays a role in pancreatitis and pancreatitis-associated lung injury. In this study, the effects on these processes of termination of PAF action by recombinant PAF-acetylhydrolase (rPAF-AH) were investigated. METHODS Rats were given rPAF-AH and then infused with a(More)
beta-Chemokines and their receptors mediate the trafficking and activation of a variety of leukocytes including the lymphocyte and macrophage. An array of no less than eight beta-chemokine receptors has been identified, four of which are capable of recognizing the chemokines MIP1alpha and RANTES. Genetic deletion of one of the MIP1alpha and RANTES(More)
Induction of NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression plays an important role in a number of biological processes including inflammation and ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, few attempts aimed at selective regulation of this transcription factor have been successful. We report here that a naturally occurring antibacterial peptide PR39 reversibly binds to(More)