Learn More
Supramaximal stimulation of the pancreas with the CCK analog caerulein causes acute edematous pancreatitis. In this model, active trypsin can be detected in the pancreas shortly after the start of supramaximal stimulation. Incubation of pancreatic acini in vitro with a supramaximally stimulating caerulein concentration also results in rapid activation of(More)
Substance P, acting via the neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R), plays an important role in mediating a variety of inflammatory processes. However, its role in acute pancreatitis has not been previously described. We have found that, in normal mice, substance P levels in the pancreas and pancreatic acinar cell expression of NK1R are both increased during(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS One of the central, unresolved issues in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis is the uncertainty regarding the mechanisms responsible for the premature intrapancreatic activation of digestive enzyme zymogens. The aim of the current study was to develop and characterize an in vitro system that might mimic the events leading to trypsinogen(More)
The subcellular distribution of the lysosomal enzymes cathepsin B and D in the pancreas was evaluated in rats infused with saline (control) or a maximal (0.25 microgram . kg-1 . h-1) or a supramaximally stimulating dose (5 micrograms . kg-1 . h-1) of the secretagogue caerulein. The latter results in acute edematous pancreatitis, inhibition of digestive(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent reports suggest that platelet-activating factor (PAF) plays a role in pancreatitis and pancreatitis-associated lung injury. In this study, the effects on these processes of termination of PAF action by recombinant PAF-acetylhydrolase (rPAF-AH) were investigated. METHODS Rats were given rPAF-AH and then infused with a(More)
Rats infused with a supramaximally stimulating dose of the cholecystokinin (CCK) analog caerulein develop acute edematous pancreatitis. Using CCK-JMV-180, a recently developed CCK analog that acts as an agonist at high-affinity CCK receptors but antagonizes the effect of CCK at low-affinity receptors, we have determined that caerulein induces pancreatitis(More)
Mechanistic studies of acute pancreatitis require animal models because clinical material is generally not available during the early phases of the disease. Here we describe a protocol to induce biliary pancreatitis by retrogradely infusing bile acids into the pancreatic duct of anesthetized mice. The resulting model replicates events believed to be(More)
The mechanisms by which short-term ethanol administration alters pancreatic exocrine function are unknown. We have evaluated the effects of ethanol administration on pancreatic secretion of digestive enzymes. In our studies, anesthetized as well as conscious rats were given ethanol at a rate sufficient to cause the blood ethanol concentration to reach(More)
The mechanisms responsible for intrapancreatic digestive enzyme activation as well as the relationship between that activation and cell injury during pancreatitis are not understood. We have employed an in vitro system in which freshly prepared pancreatic acini are exposed to a supramaximally stimulating concentration of the CCK analog caerulein to explore(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and neutrophils play important roles in many inflammatory processes, but their importance in both acute pancreatitis and pancreatitis-associated lung injury has not been defined. METHODS To address this issue, mice that do not express ICAM-1 were used and depleted of neutrophils by(More)