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High-resolution near-wall fluorescent microparticle image velocimetry (micro-PIV) was used in mouse cremaster muscle venules in vivo to measure velocity profiles in the red cell-depleted plasma layer near the endothelial lining. micro-PIV data of the instantaneous translational speeds and radial positions of fluorescently labeled microspheres (0.47 microm)(More)
We show that many salient hemodynamic flow properties, which have been difficult or impossible to assess in microvessels in vivo, can be estimated by using microviscometry and fluorescent microparticle image velocimetry in microvessels >20 microm in diameter. Radial distributions in blood viscosity, shear stress, and shear rate are obtained and used to(More)
When humans switched from hunting honeybee colonies living scattered in the wild to keeping them in hives crowded in apiaries, they may have greatly increased disease transmission between colonies. The effects of clustering colonies were studied. Two groups of 12 colonies, with hives crowded or dispersed, were established in a common environment and left(More)
OBJECTIVE To study rolling of mouse neutrophils on E-selectin and ICAM-1 in an ex vivo flow chamber system. METHODS The authors developed a small autoperfused flow chamber (20 x 200-microm cross section) that allows direct visualization of cells with and without fluorescent labeling and does not require recirculation of blood. RESULTS Neutrophils rolled(More)
We hypothesized that sleep restriction (4 consecutive nights, 4 h sleep/night) attenuates orthostatic tolerance. The effect of sleep restriction on cardiovascular responses to simulated orthostasis, arterial baroreflex gain, and heart rate variability was evaluated in 10 healthy volunteers. Arterial baroreflex gain was determined from heart rate responses(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify whether baroreceptor unloading was responsible for less efficient heat loss responses (i.e., skin blood flow and sweat rate) previously reported during inactive compared with active recovery after upright cycle exercise (Carter R III, Wilson TE, Watenpaugh DE, Smith ML, and Crandall CG. J Appl Physiol 93: 1918-1929,(More)
Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) promotes the induction of bone growth and is widely used in spine surgery to enhance arthrodesis. Recombinant human BMP-2 has been associated with a variety of complications including ectopic bone formation, adjacent-level fusion, local bone resorption, osteolysis, and radiculitis. Some of the(More)
Leukocyte rolling in postcapillary venules of inflamed tissues is reduced in L-selectin-deficient mice and mice treated with L-selectin blocking antibodies, but the glycoprotein ligand for L-selectin in inflamed venules is unknown. Here, we show that L-selectin-dependent rolling after P-selectin blockade is completely absent in P-selectin glycoprotein(More)
The signaling events leading to the activation of integrins and firm arrest of rolling neutrophils in inflamed venules have yet to be elucidated. In vitro assays suggest that both E-selectin and chemokines can trigger arrest of rolling neutrophils, but E-selectin(-/-) mice have normal levels of adherent neutrophils in inflamed venules. To test whether(More)
BACKGROUND The Fisher grade (FG) is widely used to predict cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We revisited the grading scale to determine its validity in the era of modern management. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the records of 134 patients with SAH. The amount and distribution of subarachnoid blood on admission(More)