Michael L. Reed

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OBJECTIVE To describe the prevalence, sociodemographic profile, and the burden of migraine in the United States in 1999 and to compare results with the original American Migraine Study, a 1989 population-based study employing identical methods. METHODS A validated, self-administered questionnaire was mailed to a sample of 20 000 households in the United(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the magnitude and distribution of the public health problem posed by migraine in the United States by examining migraine prevalence, attack frequency, and attack-related disability by gender, age, race, household income, geographic region, and urban vs rural residence. DESIGN In 1989, a self-administered questionnaire was sent to a(More)
BACKGROUND Our goal was to estimate the rate of positive screens for bipolar I and bipolar II disorders in the general population of the United States. METHOD The Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ), a validated screening instrument for bipolar I and II disorders, was sent to a sample of 127,800 people selected to represent the U.S. adult population by(More)
OBJECTIVES 1) To reassess the prevalence of migraine in the United States; 2) to assess patterns of migraine treatment in the population; and 3) to contrast current patterns of preventive treatment use with recommendations for use from an expert headache panel. METHODS A validated self-administered headache questionnaire was mailed to 120,000 US(More)
OBJECTIVE This study tested the validity in the adult general population of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire, a screening instrument for bipolar I and II disorders. The Mood Disorder Questionnaire has been validated in a psychiatric outpatient study group. METHOD A total of 711 subjects (stratified by Mood Disorder Questionnaire score) were randomly(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and validate a questionnaire for assessing cutaneous allodynia (CA), and to estimate the prevalence and severity of CA in the migraine population. METHODS Migraineurs (n = 11,388) completed the Allodynia Symptom Checklist, assessing the frequency of allodynia symptoms during headache. Response options were never (0), rarely (0), less(More)
BACKGROUND The strikingly higher prevalence of migraine in females compared with males is one of the hallmarks of migraine. A large global body of evidence exists on the sex differences in the prevalence of migraine with female to male ratios ranging from 2:1 to 3:1 and peaking in midlife. Some data are available on sex differences in associated symptoms,(More)
OBJECTIVE A population-based survey was conducted in 1999 to describe the patterns of migraine diagnosis and medication use in a representative sample of the US population and to compare results with a methodologically identical study conducted 10 years earlier. METHODS A survey mailed to a panel of 20 000 US households identified 3577 individuals with(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the disability profile and patterns of treatment and health care use for chronic migraine (CM) in the general population, in contrast to episodic migraine. METHODS We identified 24,000 headache sufferers, drawn from more than 165,000 individuals representative of the US population. This sample has been followed up with annual surveys(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence and distribution of chronic migraine (CM) in the US population and compare the age- and sex-specific profiles of headache-related disability in persons with CM and episodic migraine. BACKGROUND Global estimates of CM prevalence using various definitions typically range from 1.4% to 2.2%, but the influence of(More)