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Microwave tomography (MWT) is a novel imaging modality which might be applicable for non-invasive assessment of functional and pathological conditions of biological tissues. Imaging of the soft tissue of extremities is one of its potential applications. The feasibility of this technology for such applications was demonstrated earlier. This is the first of(More)
The varied reproductive strategies of birds present a challenge in developing reliable indices for the assessment of effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Precocial species, such as quail, appear to be most sensitive to EDC effects during embryonic development. Although the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) is a nonnative lab species, its(More)
We tested on three occasions, with anesthetists as subjects, the accuracy of two voice-recognition systems designed for anesthetic record keeping. Initially, a prototype system was tested (10 subjects); several years later the resulting commercial system was tested in a quiet environment (11 subjects) and in noisy operating rooms (10 subjects). For each(More)
Clinical and radiographic records of 210 consecutive children treated for Type III extension humeral supracondylar fractures during a 66-month period were reviewed retrospectively to determine (1) the incidence of neural and vascular injuries associated with this fracture; (2) the frequency of the type of nerve injured; and (3) the relationship of fracture(More)
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) exert hormone-like activity in vertebrates and exposure to these compounds may induce both short- and long-term deleterious effects including functional alterations that contribute to decreased reproduction and fitness. An overview of the effects of a number of EDCs, including androgenic and estrogenic compounds, will(More)
A survey of plants used ethnomedically against cancer was undertaken, using the NAPRALERT database currently maintained by the Program for Collaborative Research in the Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois-Chicago. We report over 350 species which are reported to be used against cancer and not cited in the work of Jonathan(More)
Six subtypes of autosomal recessive pontocerebellar hypoplasia (PCH) have been identified and the genetic basis of four of these (PCH1, PCH2, PCH4, and PCH6) is known. PCH6 is associated with cerebral atrophy and multiple but variable respiratory chain defects in muscle and has been reported in one consanguineous Sephardic Jewish family. It is caused by(More)
In 49 patients undergoing open-heart surgery we compared the electroencephalographic (EEG) effects of high-dose morphine, fentanyl, or sufentanil with O2, using two computerized analysis and display techniques: a period analysis (the Klein method) and an aperiodic analysis (the Neurometrics monitor). During fentanyl or sufentanil anesthesia, both techniques(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effect of surface coating on platelet count drop during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Sixty patients undergoing open-heart surgery were randomly divided into three groups each receiving a different type of coated hollow-fiber membrane oxygenator. The patients were given either an uncoated oxygenator (noncoated(More)