Michael L. Levin

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Two previous case reports have described an apparently new lethal syndrome consisting of pachygyria, joint contractures and facial abnormalities (Winter et al., 1989; Tsukahara et al., 1990). Another report describes a non-lethal case in which dysmorphic features were not noted (Massa et al., 1988). We now report on what appears to be an additional lethal(More)
Bartonella spp. are facultative intracellular vector-borne bacteria associated with several emerging diseases in humans and animals all over the world. The potential for involvement of ticks in transmission of Bartonella spp. has been heartily debated for many years. However, most of the data supporting bartonellae transmission by ticks come from molecular(More)
We studied the effects of different parasite and host densities on the feeding success of larval Ixodes scapularis ticks upon white-footed mice Peromyscus leucopus. Mice were infested daily with 10, 25, 50, or 100 larvae and kept individually or in groups of 2 and 3 to simulate co-nesting in the field. Engorgement weight and molting success of replete(More)
Brown dog ticks are distributed world-wide, and their systematics and phylogeny are the subject of an ongoing debate. The present study evaluates the reproductive compatibility between Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks from North America, Israel, and Africa. Female ticks of the parent generation were mated with males from the same and alternate colonies. Every(More)
We studied the prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi and the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) among questing nymphal and adult Ixodes scapularis ticks of the same generation and the infectivity of wild white-footed mice for ticks feeding on them. The prevalence of B. burgdorferi infection in host-seeking ticks increased less than twofold from(More)
Vector competence of Ixodes scapularis Say and Dermacentor variabilis Say for the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) was compared. Five white-footed mice, Peromyscus leucopus Rafinesque, were inoculated intra-peritoneally with blood from a mouse infected with the agent of HGE. Approximately 100 I. scapularis and D. variabilis larvae were placed(More)
Although the central retinal artery and its collateral circulation, especially within the anterior optic nerve, have been extensively studied, there continues to be controversy regarding the existence and significance of anastomoses between the central retinal artery and ciliary circulation. We present the case of a 16-year-old boy who underwent total(More)
Brown dog ticks morphologically identifiable as Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato, are distributed world-wide and their systematics is controversial. Results of genetic and reproductive compatibility studies of geographically distinct populations of R. sanguineus s.l. indicate that the R. sanguineus complex is paraphyletic. To further elucidate systematic(More)
Use of laboratory animals as hosts for blood-sucking arthropods remains a time-proven and the most efficient method for establishment and propagation of slowly feeding ixodid ticks, despite introduction of techniques involving artificial feeding on either animal skins or synthetic membranes. New Zealand White rabbits are usually the most accessible and most(More)