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We propose a biodiversity credit system for trading endangered species habitat designed to minimize and reverse the negative effects of habitat loss and fragmentation, the leading cause of species endangerment in the United States. Given the increasing demand for land, approaches that explicitly balance economic goals against conservation goals are(More)
1 Project completion reports of Commission-sponsored research are made available to the Commission's Cooperators in the interest of rapid dissemination of information that may be useful in Great Lakes fishery management, research, or administration. The reader should be aware that project completion reports have not been through a peer review process and(More)
The heterodimeric cytokine interleukin 27 (IL-27) signals through the IL-27Rα subunit of its receptor, combined with gp130, a common receptor chain used by several cytokines, including IL-6. Notably, the IL-27 subunits p28 (IL-27p28) and EBI3 are not always expressed together, which suggests that they may have unique functions. Here we show that IL-27p28,(More)
INTRODUCTION People with disabilities are generally more vulnerable during disasters and public emergencies than the general population. Physical, sensory and cognitive impairments may result in greater difficulty in receiving and understanding emergency alert information, and greater difficulty in taking appropriate action. The use of social media in the(More)
Tradable biodiversity credit systems provide flexible means to resolve conflicts between 35 development and conservation land-use options for habitats occupied by threatened or endangered species. We describe an approach to incorporate the influence of habitat fragmentation into the conservation value of tradable credits. Habitat fragmentation decreases(More)
A method for recording true holograms (not holographic interferometry) directly to a digital video medium in a single image has been invented. This technology makes the amplitude and phase for every pixel of the target object wave available. Since phase is proportional to wavelength, this makes high-resolution metrology an implicit part of the holographic(More)
Sea lampreys (Petromyzon marinus) are parasitic pests in the Great Lakes that have negatively affected game fish populations. Accurate aging of pest species such as sea lampreys can provide estimates of growth and mortality rates, which can direct control efforts. Because growth of larval sea lampreys is both slow and variable, determining age based solely(More)