Michael L Gross

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BACKGROUND Myocardial perfusion reserve can be noninvasively assessed with cardiovascular MR. In this study, the diagnostic accuracy of this technique for the detection of significant coronary artery stenosis was evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS In 15 patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease and 5 patients without significant coronary artery(More)
Cancer is a disease that begins with mutation of critical genes: oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Our research on carcinogenic aromatic hydrocarbons indicates that depurinating hydrocarbon-DNA adducts generate oncogenic mutations found in mouse skin papillomas (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92:10422, 1995). These mutations arise by mis-replication of(More)
BACKGROUND Delayed enhancement (DE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) detects acute and chronic myocardial infarction (MI) by visualizing contrast media accumulation in infarcted segments. T2-weighted CMR depicts infarct-related myocardial edema as a marker of acute but not chronic myocardial injury. We investigated the clinical utility of an approach(More)
Nucleolar dominance describes the silencing of one parental set of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes in a genetic hybrid, an epigenetic phenomenon that occurs on a scale second only to X-chromosome inactivation in mammals. An RNA interference (RNAi) knockdown screen revealed that the predicted Arabidopsis histone deacetylase, HDA6, is required for rRNA gene(More)
The orange carotenoid protein (OCP) plays a photoprotective role in cyanobacterial photosynthesis similar to that of nonphotochemical quenching in higher plants. Under high-light conditions, the OCP binds to the phycobilisome (PBS) and reduces the extent of transfer of energy to the photosystems. The protective cycle starts from a light-induced activation(More)
In photosynthetic organisms, photons are captured by light-harvesting antenna complexes, and energy is transferred to reaction centers where photochemical reactions take place. We describe here the isolation and characterization of a fully functional megacomplex composed of a phycobilisome antenna complex and photosystems I and II from the cyanobacterium(More)
The high excitation energy-transfer efficiency demanded in photosynthetic organisms relies on the optimal pigment-protein binding orientation in the individual protein complexes and also on the overall architecture of the photosystem. In green sulfur bacteria, the membrane-attached Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) antenna protein functions as a "wire" to connect(More)
Currently, adenosine or dipyridamole is commonly used for the assessment of perfusion reserve. With intolerance to these agents, dobutamine can be used alternatively or it can be used for a combined examination of wall motion and perfusion. The aim of the study was to analyze the feasibility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to assess perfusion(More)
Although CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells differ in the strength of their positively selecting signal, endogenous positively selecting ligands have been identified only for major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted T cell antigen receptors (TCRs). Here we screened for ligands able to positively select MHC class II-restricted TCRs using thymocytes(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are metabolized to electrophiles that can bind to DNA bases and destabilize the N-glycosyl bond, causing rapid depurination of the adducted bases. Recent studies support depurination of DNA as a mechanism central to the genesis of H-ras mutations in PAH-treated mouse skin. Depurinating adducts account for 71% of all(More)