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We have measured plasma volume and cardiac index in rats after 50% isovolemic exchange transfusion with human hemoglobin cross-linked between the alpha-chains with bis(3,5-dibromosalicyl)fumarate (alpha alpha Hb) and with bovine hemoglobin modified with polyethylene glycol (PEGHb). alpha alpha Hb and PEGHb differ in colloid osmotic pressure (23.4 and 118.0(More)
We have compared polyethylene glycol-modified bovine hemoglobin (PEG-Hb; high O2 affinity, high viscosity, high oncotic pressure) and human hemoglobin cross-linked between the alpha-chains (alpha alpha-Hb; low O2 affinity, low viscosity, low oncotic pressure) with a non-O2-carrying plasma expander (pentastarch, high viscosity and oncotic pressure) after a(More)
The presence of inositol phospholipids in the nuclei of mammalian cells has by now been well established, as has the presence of the enzymes responsible for their metabolism. However, our understanding of the role of these nuclear phosphoinositides in regulating cellular events has lagged far behind that for its cytosolic counterpart. It is clear, though,(More)
Changes in mean arterial pressure were monitored in rats following 50% isovolemic exchange transfusion with solutions of chemically modified hemoglobins. Blood pressure responses fall into three categories: 1) an immediate and sustained increase, 2) an immediate yet transient increase, or 3) no significant change either during or subsequent to exchange(More)
Phosphoinositides are a family of lipid signalling molecules that regulate many cellular functions in eukaryotes. Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns4,5P2), the central component in the phosphoinositide signalling circuitry, is generated primarily by type I phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinases (PIPKIalpha, PIPKIbeta and PIPKIgamma). In(More)
P2Y1, P2X1, and P2T receptors mediate ADP-induced platelet aggregation. The antithrombotic effects of AR-C69931MX (N6-[2-methylthio)ethyl]-2-[3,3,3-trifluoropropylthio]-5'-adenylic acid, monoanhydride with dichloromethylenebiphosphonic acid), a selective P2T platelet receptor antagonist, was assessed in a canine model of arterial thrombosis. Placebo or(More)
We have recently identified Star-PAP, a nuclear poly(A) polymerase that associates with phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase Ialpha (PIPKIalpha) and is required for the expression of a specific subset of mRNAs. Star-PAP activity is directly modulated by the PIPKIalpha product phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI-4,5-P(2)), linking nuclear(More)
Phosphoinositides regulate numerous cellular processes required for growth, proliferation, and motility. Whereas phosphoinositide signal transduction pathways within the cytosol have been well characterized, nuclear signaling pathways remain poorly understood. Accumulating experimental data have now started to uncover critical functions for nuclear(More)
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