Michael L. Cher

Learn More
Commonly used in vivo models of prostate cancer metastasis include syngeneic rodent cancers and xenografts of human cancer in immunodeficient mice. However, the occurrence of osseous metastases in these models is rare, and in xenograft models, species-specific factors may limit the ability of human cells to metastasize to rodent bones. We have modified the(More)
BACKGROUND Hematopoietic cells home to bone by means of chemo-attraction to marrow chemokines, and interaction of chemokines with their receptors leads to the expression/activation of adhesion molecules and proteases. Recent evidence suggests that similar mechanisms may be active in cancer metastasis. Previously, we showed that metalloproteases (MMPs), and(More)
A newly developed method of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) employing quantitative statistical comparisons was applied to DNA from two different types of advanced prostate cancer tissue. Multiple CGH analyses were obtained for each chromosome in each tumor, and the results of point-by-point comparison of the mean tumor:normal color ratio to a(More)
The emergence of castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) contributes to the high mortality of patients diagnosed with prostate cancer (PCa), which in part could be attributed to the existence and the emergence of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Recent studies have shown that deregulated expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) contributes to the initiation and(More)
The membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) has been shown to be a key enzyme in tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. MT1-MMP hydrolyzes a variety of extracellular matrix components and is a physiological activator of pro-MMP-2, another MMP involved in malignancy. Pro-MMP-2 activation by MT1-MMP involves the formation of an MT1-MMP.tissue(More)
The role of cross-sectional pelvic imaging with computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging and fine needle aspiration in the assessment of pelvic lymph nodes in patients with prostate cancer is undefined. To address this issue we used formal decision analysis, comparing an imaging arm to a no imaging arm. Patient utility values were calculated,(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine preradiation and preoperative clinical staging and postoperative pathologic factors that can predict disease-free survival in patients undergoing salvage surgery for radio-recurrent prostate cancer. METHODS A retrospective review was performed on 40 patients who underwent salvage surgery for radio-recurrent prostate cancer.(More)
Due to problems with primary tumor cell culture, conventional cytogenetics has yielded little insightful information on chromosomal alterations in prostate cancer. The primary aim of this study was to define the ability of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to detect and map genetic deletions in prostate tumors. A secondary aim was to apply multiple(More)
Chemokines and their receptors function in migration and homing of cells to target tissues. Recent evidence suggests that cancer cells use a chemokine receptor axis for metastasis formation at secondary sites. Previously, we showed that binding of the chemokine CXCL12 to its receptor CXCR4 mediated signaling events resulting in matrix metalloproteinase-9(More)
Membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) plays an essential role in protease-mediated extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, but it also functions as a sheddase releasing non-ECM substrates such as receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), an osteoclastogenic factor typically confined to the surface of osteoblasts. We previously found high(More)