Michael L. Bernard

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This study examined passages containing two serif and sans serif fonts at 12 and 14-point sizes for differences in legibility, reading time, and general preference when read by an older population. A significant main effect of size was found for font legibility in that 14-point fonts were more legible to read than 12-point fonts. A marginal interaction was(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to develop a model to predict the emotional and behavioral responses to an avian flu outbreak. METHODS The participants were 289 university students ranging in age, income, and ethnic backgrounds. They were presented with scenarios describing avian flu outbreaks affecting their community. They reported their(More)
This study examined passages containing the fonts, Times New Roman, Courier New, Comic Sans MS, and Arial at 12-and 14-point sizes for differences in perceptions of ease of reading, attractiveness, desire to be used in schoolbooks, as well as general font preference when read by children. A significant main effect of font type was found in that Comic Sans(More)
This exploratory study compared three types of automatic text presentation for small screen interfaces—rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP), three lines, and ten-lines of text—at fast, medium and slow speeds for differences in reading comprehension, satisfaction, and preference. The results revealed a significant main effect of presentation speed,(More)
A model-free, biologically-motivated learning and control algorithm called S-learning is described as implemented in an Surveyor SRV-1 mobile robot. S-learning demonstrated learning of robotic and environmental structure sufficient to allow it to achieve its goals (finding high-or low-contrast views in its environment). No modeling information about the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the association between mindfulness, other resilience resources, and several measures of health in 124 urban firefighters. METHOD Participants completed health measures of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depressive symptoms, physical symptoms, and alcohol problems and measures of resilience resources(More)
This study investigated how common online text a V ects reading performance of elementary school-age children by examining the actual and perceived readability of four computer-displayed typefaces at 12-and 14-point sizes. Twenty-seven children, ages 9 to 11, were asked to read eight children's passages and identify erroneous/substituted words while(More)
This study examined the perceived font legibility, ease of reading, and font sharpness, as well as perceptions of font attractiveness, fun/personality, and general preference of two serif (Times New Roman and Georgia) and sans serif (Arial and Verdana) fonts at 12-and 14-point sizes on a computer by older adults (mean age of 70). The results revealed that(More)