Michael L . Beach

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BACKGROUND Exposure to smoking in movies has been linked with adolescent smoking initiation in cross-sectional studies. We undertook a prospective study to ascertain whether exposure to smoking in movies predicts smoking initiation. METHOD We assessed exposure to smoking shown in movies in 3547 adolescents, aged 10-14 years, who reported in a baseline(More)
BACKGROUND Calcium and vitamin D both appear to have antineoplastic effects in the large bowel. Although these nutrients are inter-related metabolically in bone and in the normal intestine, their potential interactions in large-bowel carcinogenesis are not well understood. METHODS We assessed independent and joint effects of calcium supplementation and(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that greater exposure to smoking in films is associated with trying smoking among adolescents. DESIGN Cross sectional survey of 4919 schoolchildren aged 9-15 years, and assessment of occurrence of smoking in 601 films. SETTING Randomly selected middle schools in Vermont and New Hampshire, USA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(More)
BACKGROUND Minority and low-income women receive fewer cancer screenings than other women. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of a telephone support intervention to increase rates of breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening among minority and low-income women. DESIGN Randomized, controlled trial conducted between November 2001 and April 2004. (More)
OBJECTIVE We examined having a TV in the bedroom as a risk factor for child overweight. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING School- and telephone-based surveys in New Hampshire and Vermont between 2002 and 2004. PARTICIPANTS Two thousand three hundred and forty-three children enrolled in public schools, aged 9-12 years, and one of their parents. (More)
OBJECTIVE Regional studies have linked exposure to movie smoking with adolescent smoking. We examined this association in a representative US sample. DESIGN/METHODS We conducted a random-digit-dial survey of 6522 US adolescents aged 10 to 14 years. Using previously validated methods, we estimated exposure to movie smoking, in 532 recent box-office hits,(More)
PURPOSE An earlier randomized controlled trial of prevention care management (PCM) found significant improvement in breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer-screening rates among women attending Community Health Centers but required substantial research support. This study evaluated the impact of a streamlined PCM delivered through a Medicaid managed care(More)
OBJECTIVE We used a large database of prospectively collected data on pediatric sedation/anesthesia outside the operating room provided by a wide range of pediatric specialists to delineate the nature and frequency of adverse events associated with propofol-based sedation/anesthesia care. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data were collected by the Pediatric Sedation(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to use a large database of prospectively collected data on pediatric sedation and/or anesthesia for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures to delineate the nature and the frequency of adverse events that are associated with sedation/anesthesia care for procedures that are performed outside the operating room in children. METHODS Data(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies showed an association between viewing of smoking in movies and initiation of smoking among adolescents. However, all studies except one were cross-sectional, and none updated movie smoking exposure prospectively or assessed its influence on children. METHODS We enrolled elementary school students, 9 to 12 years of age, in a(More)