Michael L. Alosco

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BACKGROUND Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) demonstrate decline in everyday function. In this study, we investigated whether whole brain atrophy and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype are associated with the rate of functional decline in MCI. METHODS Participants were 164 healthy controls, 258 MCI patients, and 103 patients with mild(More)
Cardiovascular disease is a recognized contributor to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Heart failure (HF) is a cardiovascular subtype that can be used to model the contribution of cardiovascular disease to AD. Neuroimaging research indicates that HF patients exhibit a diverse range of structural brain alterations and epidemiological studies(More)
OBJECTIVE Physical fitness is an important correlate of structural and functional integrity of the brain in healthy adults. In heart failure (HF) patients, poor physical fitness may contribute to cognitive dysfunction and we examined the unique contribution of physical fitness to brain structural integrity among patients with HF. METHODS Sixty-nine HF(More)
OBJECTIVE Treatment recommendation and guidelines for patients with heart failure (HF) can be complex, and past work has shown that patients with HF demonstrate low rates of adherence to recommended health behaviors. Although previous work has identified several medical, demographic, and psychosocial predictors of the capacity to adhere to treatment(More)
BACKGROUND It is well established that aging and vascular processes interact to disrupt cerebral hemodynamics in older adults. However, the independent effects of cerebral perfusion on neurocognitive function among older adults remain poorly understood. We examined the associations among cerebral perfusion, cognitive function, and brain structure in older(More)
OBJECTIVE Depression is common among persons with heart failure (HF) and has been linked to cognitive impairment in this population. The mechanisms of this relationship are unclear, and the current study examined whether cerebral perfusion moderates the association between depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment in patients with HF. METHODS Persons(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalities on the rate of decline in everyday function in normal aging, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and mild Alzheimer disease (AD). DESIGN Immunoassays of total tau (t-tau), tau phosphorylated at threonine 181 (p-tau(181)), and beta-amyloid 1-42 (Abeta(42)) concentrations were(More)
OBJECTIVE Reduced physical activity is common in persons with heart failure (HF). However, studies of correlates and modifiers of physical activity in this population rarely employ objective measures. Motivational and mood related factors that may exacerbate inactivity in HF patients are also rarely investigated. In this study, we examined the relationship(More)
Poor sleep is common in heart failure (HF), though mechanisms of sleep difficulties are not well understood. Adverse brain changes among regions important for sleep have been demonstrated in patients with HF. Cerebral hypoperfusion, a correlate of sleep quality, is also prevalent in HF and a likely contributor to white matter hyperintensities (WMH).(More)
Obesity is associated with cognitive dysfunction in children and adolescents, although the mechanisms underlying these deficits remain unclear. This study examined the associations between body mass index (BMI) and regional gray matter volume and white matter integrity in 120 healthy children and adolescents (6-18 years of age) who underwent magnetic(More)