Michael Kutsche

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We present a comprehensive analysis of 1,506 German families for large genomic rearrangements (LGRs) in the BRCA1 gene and of 450 families in the BRCA2 gene by the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique. A total of 32 pathogenic rearrangements in the BRCA1 gene were found, accounting for 1.6% of all mutations, but for 9.6% of all(More)
Among the recognition molecules that determine a neuron's interaction with other cells, L1 and CD24 have been suggested to cooperate with each other in neurite outgrowth and signal transduction. Here we report that binding of CD24 to L1 depends on alpha2,3-sialic acid on CD24, which determines the CD24 induced and cell type-specific promotion or inhibition(More)
To identify Rhodobacter capsulatus nif genes necessary for the alternative nitrogenase, strains carrying defined mutations in 32 genes and open reading frames of nif region A, B or C were constructed. The ability of these mutants to grow on nitrogen-free medium with molybdenum (Nif phenotype) or in a nifHDK deletion background on medium without molybdenum(More)
Cell adhesion molecules have been implicated in neural development and hippocampal synaptic plasticity. Here, we investigated the role of the neural cell adhesion molecule L1 in regulation of basal synaptic transmission and plasticity in the CA1 area of the hippocampus of juvenile mice. We show that theta-burst stimulation (TBS) and pairing of low-frequency(More)
The alternative nitrogenase of Rhodobacter capsulatus is expressed only under conditions of nitrogen and molybdenum depletion. The analysis of anfA-lacZ fusions demonstrated that this dual control occurred at the level of transcription of anfA, which encodes a transcriptional activator specific for the alternative nitrogenase. The anfA promoter was found to(More)
L1, a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is a cell adhesion and signal transducing molecule. In the kidney, L1 is expressed in the mesonephric duct and the metanephros throughout collecting duct development. We show that mice with a targeted deletion of the L1 gene display diverse renal malformations including (i) a duplex kidney with two ureters(More)
The HNK-1 carbohydrate structure, a sulfated glucuronyl-lactosaminyl residue carried by many neural recognition molecules, is involved in cell interactions during ontogenetic development and in synaptic plasticity in the adult. To characterize the functional role of the HNK-1 carbohydrate in vivo, we have generated mice deficient for the HNK-1(More)
To examine the role of neural cell adhesion molecule L1 in thalamocortical projections, we analysed L1 deficient (L1-/y) mice. Immunohistochemistry of pleiotrophin/HB-GAM, a marker for thalamocortical axons and axonal tracing experiments showed that thalamocortical axons were abnormally and highly fasciculated when they pass through the developing internal(More)
Lymphocytes enter the splenic white pulp by crossing the poorly characterized boundary of the marginal sinus. In this study, we describe the importance of L1, an adhesion molecule of the Ig superfamily, for marginal sinus integrity. We find that germline insertional mutation of L1 is associated with a selective malformation of the splenic marginal sinus.(More)
Tenascin-N, a novel member of the tenascin family, was identified and shown to encode characteristic structural motifs of a cysteine-rich stretch, 3.5 epidermal growth factor-like repeats, 12 fibronectin type III homologous domains, and a fibrinogen-like domain. The third fibronectin type III homologous domain is altered by RNA splicing. Characterization of(More)