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The role of thromboxane A(2) (TxA(2)) in smoking-associated lung cancer is poorly understood. This study was conducted to study the role of TxA(2) in smoking carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)-promoted cell survival and growth in human lung cancer cells. We found that NNK increased TxA(2) synthase (TxAS) expression and(More)
Accumulating evidence shows that the inhibition of thromboxane synthase (TXS) induced apoptosis in cancer cells. TXS inhibitor 1-Benzylimidzole (1-BI) can trigger apoptosis in lung cancer cells but the mechanism is not fully defined. In this study, lung cancer cells were treated with 1-BI. In this study, the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was(More)
Pioglitazone (PGZ), a synthetic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) ligand, is known to have anti-tumor activity by inducing tumor cell apoptosis. However, it is unknown whether it can be used to prevent smoking carcinogen-induced lung tumor development. We induced mouse lung tumors using smoking carcinogen 4-(More)
We investigated endothelial function of both pulmonary arteries and veins in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of varying severity in regard to the role of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). Lung tissues were obtained from patients undergoing lobectomy or pneumonectomy. Patients were grouped to(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading health problems worldwide and continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. The clinical features of COPD are chronic obstructive bronchiolitis and emphysema. Pulmonary vascular endothelial dysfunction is a characteristic pathological finding of COPD at(More)
BACKGROUND Life-threatening massive hemoptysis requires prompt action and thoracic surgical input. Although there are a number of reports regarding each therapeutic modality for medical or surgical treatment, the significance of a multidisciplinary strategy remains undetermined. METHODS From January 1995 to December 2005, 120 patients were referred to our(More)
The role of thromboxane in lung carcinogenesis is not clearly known, though thromboxane B2 (TXB(2)) level is increased and antagonists of thromboxane receptors or TXA2 can induce apoptosis of lung cancer cells. p27, an atypical tumor suppressor, is normally sequestered in the nucleus. The increased nuclear p27 may result in apoptosis of tumor cells. We(More)
BACKGROUND 15-S-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE) and 13-S-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13(S)-HODE), both of which are metabolites of 15-lipoxygenases (15-LOXs), are endogenous ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). The activation of PPARgamma inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in some cancers. The role of(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α and PPARγ participate in cell proliferation and apoptosis. Few studies have simultaneously investigated both PPARα and PPARγ in lung cancers in vivo. The roles of PPARα and -γ were investigated in the development of pulmonary tumors induced in the adult A/J mouse by treatment with(More)