Michael Kroiher

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Polyps of Aurelia aurita can transform into several medusae (jellyfish) in a process of sequential subdivision. During this transformation, two processes take place which are well known to play a key role in the formation of various higher metazoa: segmentation and metamorphosis. In order to compare these processes in bilaterians and cnidarians we studied(More)
There are several reasons why Hydractinia echinata Hydrozoa, Cnidaria) is excellently suited to study developmental processes. In the laboratory fertilization takes place every morning in the seawater in thousands of eggs. Cleavage starting synchronously leads to a ciliated planula larva within 2 to 3 days. Onset of metamorphosis from the larval to the(More)
The mechanisms by which most receptor protein-tyrosine kinases (RTKs) transmit signals are now well established. Binding of ligand results in the dimerization of receptor monomers followed by transphosphorylation of tyrosine residues within the cytoplasmic domains of the receptors. This tidy picture has, however, some strange characters lurking around the(More)
S-phase cells in intact animals of the coelenterate species Eirene viridula, Hydractinia echinata, Hydra attenuata, and Hydra magnipapillata incorporate the thymidine analogue bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) into newly synthesized DNA. BrdU-labelled nuclei divide and cells appear to undergo normal differentiation. Whole-mount preparations and macerated tissues(More)
The early embryonic development of Hydractinia lasts about 2.5 days until the developing planula larva acquires competence for metamorphosis. Most embryonic cells stop cycling on reaching the larval stage. In older larvae of Hydractinia, cells that are still proliferating occur exclusively in the endoderm in a typical distribution along the longitudinal(More)
Comparative studies of nematode embryogenesis among different clades revealed considerable variations. However, to what extent developmental differences exist between closely related species has mostly remained nebulous. Here, we explore the correlation between phylogenetic neighborhood and developmental variation in a restricted and morphologically(More)
During embryogenesis and planula development of the colonial hydroidHydractinia echinata cell proliferation decreases in a distinct spatio-temporal pattern. Arrest in S-phase activity appears first in cells localized at the posterior and then subsequently at the anterior pole of the elongating embryo. These areas do not resume S-phase activity, even during(More)
The genetics of development in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been described in exquisite detail. The phylum Nematoda has two classes: Chromadorea (which includes C. elegans) and the Enoplea. While the development of many chromadorean species resembles closely that of C. elegans, enoplean nematodes show markedly different patterns of early cell(More)
We have isolated the serum response factor (SRF) homologue from two hydrozoans, the freshwater polyp Hydra vulgaris and the marine colonial Hydractinia echinata; we have termed the Hydra gene HvSRF and the Hydractinia gene HeSRF. The MADS-box of both genes is identical in sequence and more similar to SRFs of other organisms than to non-SRF(More)
In most sessile marine invertebrates, metamorphosis is dependent on environmental cues. Here we report that heat stress is capable of inducing metamorphosis in the hydroid Hydractinia echinata. The onset of heat-induced metamorphosis is correlated with the appearance of heat-shock proteins. Larvae treated with the metamorphosis-inducing agents Cs+ or NH4 +(More)