Michael Krainer

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BACKGROUND Ipilimumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that binds cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 to enhance antitumour immunity. Our aim was to assess the use of ipilimumab after radiotherapy in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer that progressed after docetaxel chemotherapy. METHODS We did a multicentre, randomised,(More)
X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome (XLP) is an inherited immunodeficiency characterized by increased susceptibility to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). In affected males, primary EBV infection leads to the uncontrolled proliferation of virus-containing B cells and reactive cytotoxic T cells, often culminating in the development of high-grade lymphoma. The XLP(More)
Dysregulation of apoptosis may support tumorigenesis by allowing cells to live beyond their normally intended life span. The various receptors for tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) are located on chromosome 8p21.2, a region frequently deleted in ovarian cancer. Lack of expression of TRAIL receptor 1 (death receptor 4, DR4)(More)
OBJECTIVE Polymorphisms of death receptor 4 (DR4) might impair the apoptotic signal transduction and lead to dysregulation of the homeostasis between cell survival and cell death, promoting tumor development and progression. METHODS We performed an analysis of known DR4 polymorphisms, namely G442A, C626G, and A1322G, in germ line DNA of 97 ovarian cancer(More)
PURPOSE Although prognostic and predictive factors in ovarian cancer have been extensively studied for decades, only few have been identified and introduced to clinical practice. Here, we evaluate hVps37A (HCRP1) as a possible novel predictive marker for ovarian cancer. hVps37A was originally described as a member of the membrane-trafficking ESCRT-I complex(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes (TSG) is thought to play an important role in tumorigenesis of prostate cancer. The main focus of research was the detection of TSG hypermethylation in cancer tissue. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of detection of hypermethylated genes in serum of prostate cancer patients and its correlation with(More)
PURPOSE The present pilot study was performed to elucidate whether early changes in serum Her-2/neu extracellular domain (ECD) levels during trastuzumab-based treatment would predict the clinical course of disease in patients with metastatic breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Sera from 55 patients with Her-2/neu-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in a germ-line allele of the BRCA1 gene contribute to the familial breast cancer syndrome. However, the prevalence of these mutations is unknown in women with breast cancer who do not have the features of this familial syndrome. We sought BRCA1 mutations in women who were given a diagnosis of breast cancer at an early age, because early(More)