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Malfunctions of potassium channels are increasingly implicated as causes of neurological disorders. However, the functional roles of the large-conductance voltage- and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (BK channel), a unique calcium, and voltage-activated potassium channel type have remained elusive. Here we report that mice lacking BK channels (BK(-/-)) show(More)
Large conductance voltage- and Ca(2+)-activated potassium channels (BK channels) are important feedback regulators in excitable cells and are potently regulated by protein kinases. The present study reveals a dual role of protein kinase C (PKC) on BK channel regulation. Phosphorylation of S(695) by PKC, located between the two regulators of K(+) conductance(More)
Calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum controls a number of cellular processes, including proliferation and contraction of smooth muscle and other cells. Calcium release from inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive stores is negatively regulated by binding of calmodulin to the IP3 receptor (IP3R) and the NO/cGMP/cGMP kinase I (cGKI) signalling(More)
Large-conductance, calcium- and voltage-gated potassium (BK) channels play an important role in cellular excitability by controlling membrane potential and calcium influx. The stress axis regulated exon (STREX) at splice site 2 inverts BK channel regulation by protein kinase A (PKA) from stimulatory to inhibitory. Here we show that palmitoylation of STREX(More)
Airway smooth muscle is richly endowed with muscarinic receptors of the M(2) and M(3) subtype. Stimulation of these receptors inhibits large conductance calcium-activated K(+) (BK) channels, a negative feed back regulator, in a pertussis toxin-sensitive manner and thus facilitates contraction. The underlying mechanism, however, is unknown. We therefore(More)
The cGMP and the cAMP pathways control smooth muscle tone by regulation of BK(Ca) (BK) channel activity. BK channels show considerable diversity and plasticity in their regulation by cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases. The underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear but may involve expression of splice variants of the BK channel alpha subunit.(More)
The unique voltage- and Ca2+-dependent K+ (BK) channel, prominently expressed in airway smooth muscle cells, has been suggested as an important effector in controlling airway contractility. Its deletion in mice depolarized resting membrane potential of tracheal cells, suggesting an increased open-probability of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. While carbachol(More)
Oxytocin (OT) receptors are important regulators of myometrial contractility. By using the activity of large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels as readout, we analyzed OT signaling in cells from nonpregnant (NPM) and pregnant (PM) rat myometrium in detail. In nystatin-perforated whole-cell patches from NPM cells, which leave the intracellular(More)
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