Michael Komaitis

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The growth of an oleaginous strain of Yarrowia lipolytica on an industrial fat composed of saturated free fatty acids (stearin) was studied. Lipid accumulation during primary anabolic growth was critically influenced by the medium pH and the incubation temperature. This process was independent of the nitrogen concentration in the culture medium, but was(More)
Cell growth, lipid accumulation and cellular lipid composition of Yarrowia lipolytica growing on mixtures of industrial fats containing stearic, oleic, linoleic and palmitic acid have been studied. During growth, the strain incorporated oleic and linoleic acids more rapidly than the saturated fatty acids. Relatively high lipid accumulation (up to 0.44 g of(More)
In the present report, the effect of glucose and stearin (substrate composed by saturated free-fatty acids) on the production of biomass, reserve lipid, and citric acid by Yarrowia lipolytica ACA-DC 50109 was investigated in nitrogen-limited cultures. Numerical models that were used in order to quantify the kinetic behavior of the above Yarrowia lipolytica(More)
Yarrowia lipolytica ACA-DC 50109 cultivated on olive-mill wastewater (O.M.W.)-based media, enriched with commercial-industrial glucose, presented an efficient cell growth. Parameters of growth were unaffected by the presence of O.M.Ws in the growth medium. In diluted O.M.Ws enriched with high glucose amounts (initial sugar concentration, 65 g l(-1)), a(More)
Growth of two strains of Cunninghamella echinulata on various nitrogen containing raw materials (corn gluten, corn steep, whey concentrate,yeast extract and tomato waste hydrolysate) yielded important amounts of biomass containing various quantities of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) rich cellular lipids. Especially, growth on tomato waste hydrolysate (TWH)(More)
Mortierella isabellina cultivated in nitrogen-limited media presented remarkable cell growth (up to 35.9 g/l) and high glucose uptake even with high initial sugar concentrations (e.g. 100 g/l) in media. After nitrogen depletion, significant fat quantities were accumulated inside the fungal mycelia (50-55%, wt/wt oil in dry biomass), resulting in a notable(More)
AIMS To study patterns of reserve lipid biosynthesis and turnover (degradation) in two oleaginous Zygomycetes, namely Cunninghamella echinulata and Mortierella isabellina under various growth conditions. Fatty acid composition of the reserve lipid of both strains was also studied in all growth steps. METHODS AND RESULTS Cunninghamella echinulata and(More)
Extracts of aromatic plants of Greek origin were examined as potential sources of phenolic compounds. RP-HPLC with UV detection was employed for the identification and quantification of the phenolic antioxidants, present in methanolic extracts. The most abundant phenolic acids were ferulic acid (1.1-280 mg/100 g of dry sample) and caffeic acid (1.2-60(More)
AIMS To investigate the effect of organic nitrogen on lipogenesis during growth of Cunninghamella echinulata on tomato waste hydrolysate (TWH) media. METHODS AND RESULTS Cunninghamella echinulata grown on a TWH medium rapidly took up glucose and produced large amounts of lipids. However, when some quantities of the organic nitrogen were removed from TWH(More)
The impact of anaerobiosis strategy on 1,3-propanediol production during cultivation of Clostridium butyricum VPI 1718 in different size bioreactors was studied. In batch trials with N2 gas infusion, the fermentation was successfully accomplished, regardless of initial glycerol concentration imposed and bioreactor geometry. However, in the absence of N2(More)