Michael Koltz

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Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an important therapeutic option for individuals with refractory epilepsy who have failed multiple antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The intricate relationship of the vagus nerve to cardiac function raises concern that vagal stimulation may affect cardiac rhythm and function. Previous pre- and postmarketing studies have not shown(More)
Traumatic central cord syndrome (TCCS), regardless of its biomechanics, is the most frequently encountered incomplete spinal cord injury. Patients with TCCS present with disproportionate weakness of the upper extremities, and variable sensory loss and bladder dysfunction. Fractures and/or subluxations, forced hyperextension, and herniated nucleus pulposus(More)
We studied a model of hemorrhagic encephalopathy of prematurity (EP) that closely recapitulates findings in humans with hemorrhagic EP. This model involves tandem insults of 20 min intrauterine ischemia (IUI) plus an episode of elevated venous pressure induced by intraperitoneal glycerol on post-natal day (P) 0. We examined Sur1 expression, which is(More)
OBJECT Encephalopathy of prematurity (EP) is common in preterm, low birth weight infants who require postnatal mechanical ventilation. The worst types of EP are the hemorrhagic forms, including choroid plexus, germinal matrix, periventricular, and intraventricular hemorrhages. Survivors exhibit life-long cognitive, behavioral, and motor abnormalities.(More)
OBJECT The object of this study was to assess outcomes in patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated by Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS); lesions were stratified by size, symptomatology, and Spetzler-Martin (S-M) grade. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective analysis of 102 patients treated for an AVM with single-dose or(More)
We present our work towards the development of a MR image-guided SMA-actuated neurosurgical robot. We used two antagonistic SMA wires as actuators for each joint in the robot, so that each joint can be actuated independently. We also modeled and tested the force behaviour of SMA wires in the bent configuration, which can be used as a guideline for SMA(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stent-assisted coiling and balloon-assisted coiling are 2 well-established techniques for treatment of wide-neck intracranial aneurysms. A direct comparative analysis of angiographic outcomes with the 2 techniques has not been available. We compare the angiographic outcomes of wide-neck aneurysms treated with stent-assisted coiling(More)
OBJECT Patients requiring neurosurgical intervention are known to be at increased risk for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and attendant morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the most catastrophic sequela of DVT and is the direct cause of death in 16% of all in-hospital mortalities. Protocols for DVT screening and early detection, as well as(More)
BACKGROUND The authors present a case to illustrate the necessity and technical feasibility of C7 laminar screw placement for treatment of sub-axial cervical spondylitic myelopathy. The indications for C7 lateral mass screw placement was required internal fixation, with small lateral masses (8 mm) and pedicles (4 mm). CASE DESCRIPTION A 67-year-old female(More)
Technological advancement within the field of neuroendovascular therapy may lead to safer and more robust treatment options for patients with lesions traditionally not favorable to coil occlusion. We analyze and report our outcomes with the Orbit Galaxy Detachable Coil System (DePuy Synthes, West Chester, PA, USA) for the treatment of anterior and posterior(More)