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BACKGROUND PAM50 is a 50-gene test that is designed to identify intrinsic breast cancer subtypes and generate a Risk of Recurrence (ROR) score. It has been developed to be carried out in qualified routine hospital pathology laboratories. PATIENTS AND METHODS One thousand four hundred seventy-eight postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor (ER)+ early(More)
Introduction The usefulness of routine axillary dissection (AD) at levels I–II in breast cancer patients has been questioned for years because of the high postoperative morbidity in the shoulder and arm region, and the increasing number of patients with negative nodes. Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) was hoped both to reduce morbidity and to improve the(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to examine the outcome of shoulder-arm morbidity in patients with breast cancer after various axillary staging procedures. We used a new specific summation score to compare conventional axillary node dissection (AD) and sentinel node only biopsy for postoperative shoulder-arm morbidity. METHODS Eighty-five patients(More)
Breast cancer is increasingly detected during an early non-palpable stage. Together with pre-operative marking of the mass, intra-operative imaging provides invaluable clues. This study was designed to evaluate the usefulness of intra-operative sonography in the hands of the surgeon. Between July 2001 and October 2006, 567 patients underwent treatment for(More)
We sought to compare the molecular signature of node negative cancers from two cohorts 15 years apart, to determine if there is molecular evidence of increase in low and ultralow risk cancers over time. We studied the impact of age, time period of diagnosis, and mammographic screening on biology of tumors where The Netherlands Cancer Institute 70-gene(More)
BACKGROUND The 70-gene signature (MammaPrint) is a prognostic test used to guide adjuvant treatment decisions in patients with node-negative breast cancer. In order to decide upon its use, a systematic comparative analysis of the effects of the 70-gene signature, the Sankt Gallen guidelines and the Adjuvant Online Software for these patients on survival,(More)
PURPOSE To assess the prognostic value of the PAM50 risk-of-recurrence (ROR) score on late distant recurrence (beyond 5 years after diagnosis and treatment) in a large cohort of postmenopausal, endocrine-responsive breast cancer patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The PAM50 assay was performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded whole-tumor sections of patients(More)
BACKGROUND Zoledronic acid (ZOL) plus adjuvant endocrine therapy significantly improved disease-free survival (DFS) at 48- and 62-month follow-up in the ABCSG-12 trial. We present efficacy results of a final additional analysis after 94.4 months. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were premenopausal women who had undergone primary surgery for stage I/II(More)
Multigene assays have been developed and validated to determine the prognosis of breast cancer. In this study, we assessed the additional predictive value of the 70-gene MammaPrint signature for chemotherapy (CT) benefit in addition to endocrine therapy (ET) from pooled study series. For 541 patients who received either ET (n = 315) or ET + CT (n = 226),(More)
AIMS In patients with early breast cancer sentinel node biopsy (SNB) proved to be an accurate procedure for axillary staging with significantly reduced morbidity. Medium- and long-term observational studies are needed to establish, whether SNB alone is able to prevent locoregional recurrence without impairing long-term survival. METHODS 298 patients with(More)