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The benefit of sleep in general for memory consolidation is well known. The relevance of sleep characteristics and the influence of hormones are not well studied. We explored the effects of a nap on memory consolidation of motor (finger-tapping-task) and verbal (associated-word-pairs) tasks in following settings: A: young, healthy males and females during(More)
The second generation antipsychotics clozapine and olanzapine frequently induce weight gain. Randomized studies investigating abnormal eating behavior (food craving, binge eating) possibly associated with weight gain are lacking. Thirty patients with schizophrenia, schizophreniform, or schizoaffective disorder were included in this randomized, double-blind,(More)
Information on the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the main mammalian system of stress response, in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is inconsistent. In this study, nine inpatients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of OCD without comorbid major depression (Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale [Y-BOCS] score >15; HAMD-21 total score 16)(More)
OBJECTIVES We prospectively studied 26 (10 women) patients (age, 37.4 +/- 10.3 years) with different types of refractory focal epilepsy who received topiramate as adjunctive treatment. METHODS Body mass indices (BMI, kg/m2) and serum leptin levels (SLL) were investigated at baseline (n = 26) and 9.5 +/- 2.9 (T1; n = 21) and 25.0 +/- 3.5 (T2; n = 18) weeks(More)
The second generation antipsychotics clozapine and olanzapine are known to cause weight gain. However, only clozapine is associated with drug-induced fever. Cytokines have been linked to the induction of both weight gain and drug-induced fever. We investigated these potential side effects of clozapine and olanzapine and studied their differential effects on(More)
Sleep is critically involved in the consolidation of procedural memory. In major depression (MD) and during antidepressant pharmacotherapy, changes in sleep EEG are well documented. Here, we test if off-line motor memory consolidation is impaired in MD. 50 medicated patients with an acute episode of MD, 50 normal controls and 12 patients with a remitted(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with major depression, the function of most endocrine axes is altered compared to healthy subjects. The orexigenic hormone ghrelin, which shows higher plasma levels in females than males, interacts with several of these endocrine axes. In addition, ghrelin levels in depressed patients decrease with psychopathological improvement.(More)
Ghrelin and growth hormone (GH) releasing hormone (GHRH) both stimulate GH secretion and slow wave sleep (SWS), whereas ghrelin increases, and GHRH decreases cortisol in males. However, GHRH's effect on sleep and cortisol was abolished, on GH mitigated, when administered in the early morning, possibly due to counteracting corticotropin releasing hormone(More)
Ghrelin acts as a neuropeptide. It participates in sleep-wake regulation. After systemic ghrelin treatment nonREM sleep is promoted in male humans and mice. This effect is influenced by gender, time of administration and depression. Ghrelin does not modulate sleep in healthy women and during the early morning in male subjects. In depressed women REM sleep(More)