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Up to a quarter of ovarian masses originate from germ cells, and many of these are mature cystic teratomas. The secondary development of malignancy is a rare but well-known phenomenon in patients with ovarian teratomas. Squamous-cell carcinoma accounts for 80% of secondary malignant transformations of ovarian teratomas. We aimed to do an up-to-date(More)
Antithrombin (AT) deficiency is a rare hereditary thrombophilia with a mean prevalence of 0.02 % in the general population, associated with a more than ten-fold increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Within this multicenter retrospective clinical analysis, female patients with inherited AT deficiency were evaluated concerning the type of(More)
PURPOSE Cancer in pregnancy is a rare circumstance. However, the coincidence of pregnancy and malignancy is supposed to increase due to a general tendency of postponing childbearing to older age. To date, clinical guidelines are scarce and experience regarding therapeutic management is limited to case reports. METHODS This review focuses on general(More)
Androgens are of biological and clinical importance for the growth and development of breast cancer in women, and the androgen receptor (AR) has been shown to be a predictor of tumor differentiation. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between AR status and testosterone and 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-dependent proliferation of the(More)
INTRODUCTION The main objective of this study is to illustrate the effectiveness and the safety of standardized technique of laparoscopic lymphadenectomy (LNE), newly introduced in a University Hospital, in patients with gynecologic malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cohort of 104 patients with gynaecologic malignancies (71 with endometrial and 33 with(More)
IFN-γ has an important role in the adaptive immune response against intracellular pathogens. In urogenital tract (UGT) infections with the obligate intracellular pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis, IFN-γ-mediated control of chlamydial growth implies the JAK-STAT signaling cascades and subsequent induction of the indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO). As oxygen(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the obstetric outcome of pregnant patients with small stature (<5th percentile) with regard to the mode of delivery, maternal injuries, and neonatal parameters. METHODS Retrospective cohort analysis of 13 years of deliveries. Two groups: group A, patients with a height below the 5th percentile, and group B, patients with a body height(More)
Despite significant improvements in treatment protocols and laboratory techniques, the baby take-home rate after assisted reproduction (ART) is disappointing, e.g. 20% in Germany. It is therefore understandable that various approaches are undertaken to improve the pregnancy and delivery rates after IVF and ICSI. Among others, the application of heparin is(More)
INTRODUCTION The therapy of symptomatic uterine fibroids is based on surgery in the majority of cases. Conservative medical treatment in cases of contraindication against operative treatment, bleeding control or preoperative down-sizing of the fibroids is classically based on sex steroid depletion by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist(More)