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The U.S. electric power infrastructure is a strategic national asset that is underutilized most of the time. With the proper changes in the operational paradigm, it could generate and deliver the necessary energy to fuel the majority of the U.S. light-duty vehicle (LDV) fleet. In doing so, it would reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve the economics of(More)
The emerging technology of wireless sensing shows promise for changing the way sensors are used in buildings. Lower cost, easier to install, sensing devices that require no connections by wires will potentially usher in an age in which ubiquitous sensors will provide the data required to cost-effectively operate, manage, and maintain commercial buildings at(More)
The rapid maturity of everyday wireless technologies – now widely used for mobile phones, wireless internet access, and even the replacement of barcodes – has had a tremendous impact on our ability to collect information from the physical world. There are tremendous opportunities in using wireless technologies in sensors and controls for building operation,(More)
DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor Battelle Memorial Institute, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or(More)
he proliferation of cell phones, wireless computer networking, and wireless personal digital assistants has been phenomenal in the last few years. However, the building controls industry has not yet seen many wireless devices deployed in the field. Experts agree that the driver for deployment of wireless sensors will be cost advantages and the flexibility(More)
This report addresses several key questions in the broader discussion on the integration of renewable energy resources in the Pacific Northwest power grid. Specifically, it addresses the following questions: a) what will be the future balancing requirement to accommodate a simulated expansion of wind energy and b) what are the most cost effective(More)
Executive Summary Electricity production from wind and other renewables technology has increased significantly to meet the renewable portfolio standards (RPS) targets imposed by 29 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and 2 U.S. territories. Energy storage is attracting greater interest as an enabling technology for integrating variable renewable power(More)