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Depression is a state of depressed mood characterized by feelings of sadness, despair, and discouragement. Depression ranges from normal feelings of "the blues" through dysthymia to major depression. Endogenous depression has been identified with a specific symptom complex: psychomotor retardation, early morning awakening, weight loss, excessive guilt, and… (More)
Some 15% of temporal bone fractures are produced by blows to the occiput. The fracture line begins in the posterior fossa, at or near the foramen magnum, and crosses the petrous ridge through the internal auditory canal or the otic capsule. Thus, it is called a transverse fracture. In cases of transverse fractures of the temporal bone, due to automobile… (More)
Tinnitus is one of the most important symptoms in neurootology after vertigo, nausea, and hearing loss. In most cases, the origin of the tinnitus remains inexplicable. Well-known, however, is that tinnitus may arise in any part of the hearing pathway (i.e., both within the cochlea receptor and in the temporal lobe and projections). Tinnitus also is… (More)
Cardiovascular diseases are extremely widespread and often cause vestibular system dysfunctions. They are related mainly to organic lesions of the brain. To investigate neurootological functional changes, we compared two samples from among our patients, of whom those in group A (42 persons: 92.86% male, 7.14% female) had experienced myocardial infarction… (More)
Geriatrics defines the branch of medicine that treats all problems peculiar to old age and the aging, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility. In the full chain of years of the human life, a special period is humans' last decade of professional life (i.e., 51-60 years) and their first decade of retirement (i.e., 61-70 years). For this… (More)
The features and mechanism of Acute Acoustic Trauma (AAT) together with available treatments are discussed and the current guidelines in use by the Bundeswehr are also presented.