Michael Kempf

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Polyphenols are secondary plant compounds showing anticarcinogenic effects both in vitro and in animal experiments and may thus reduce the risk of colorectal cancer in man. The identification of polyphenol metabolites formed via their passage through the small intestine of healthy ileostomy subjects after apple juice consumption is presented. Identification(More)
Recently, contamination of honey with pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA) has been reported as potential health risk. Therefore, it was of interest to develop a reliable tool for selective and quantitative determination of PA in honey. Sample preparation of the novel method comprises strong cation exchange SPE (SCX-SPE), followed by two reduction steps using zinc(More)
BACKGROUND Apples are the most widely consumed fruits in Germany and various other countries. Positive health effects of apple-derived polyphenols in vivo depend on their absorption, metabolism, distribution, and elimination from the body after consumption. Data on the metabolism of these polyphenols in humans are scarce. In order to study the intestinal(More)
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are secondary plant constituents that comprise about 400 different structures and occur in two major forms, a tertiary form and the corresponding N-oxide. PAs containing a 1,2-double bond are pre-toxins and metabolically activated by the action of hepatic P-450 enzymes to toxic pyrroles. Besides the acute toxic effects, the(More)
Recent studies have shown the occurrence of plant derived pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) in retail honeys and pollen loads, but little is known about how these compounds influence the fitness of foraging honey bees. In feeding experiments, we tested a mix of tertiary PAs and the corresponding N-oxides from Senecio vernalis, pure monocrotaline, and(More)
Recently, 1,2-dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA) ester alkaloids, found predominantly as their N-oxides (PANOs, pyrrolizidine N-oxides), have been reported in both honey and in pollen obtained directly from PA plants and pollen loads collected by bees, raising the possibility of health risks for consumers of these products. We confirm these findings in(More)
In addition to the already available information on the authenticity of alpha- (1) and beta-ionone (2) from plant tissues, there is an interest in the stable isotope data of 1 and 2 available by synthesis from citral and acetone, as European Union regulations, in contrast to the United States and other countries, do not allow a product to be declared as(More)
Pyrrolizidinalkaloide (PA) sind eine Gruppe sekundärer Pflanzeninhaltsstoffe, die über 370 bekannte Strukturen umfasst und meist in zwei Formen, als tertiäres PA und als dessen korrespondierendes N-Oxid, auftreten. PA mit einer 1,2-ungesättigten Bindung können durch lebereigene Cytochrom-P-450 Monooxygenasen zu reaktiven Pyrrolestern mit toxischen Wirkungen(More)
In order to study the human intestinal transit and metabolism of D-galacturonic acid and amidated pectin a number of model experiments were carried out. Both substrates were incubated under aerobic conditions at 37 degrees C using saliva (2 min) and simulated gastric juice (4 h). Under anaerobic conditions the substrates were incubated at 37 degrees C using(More)
Plant and system operators are looking for reliable products meeting high technical requirements while providing maximum economic benefit throughout the life cycle. Calculating life cycle costs different operating conditions have to be considered to provide reliable decision making assistance. If data for a direct probability measurement may not be(More)