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Polyphenols are secondary plant compounds showing anticarcinogenic effects both in vitro and in animal experiments and may thus reduce the risk of colorectal cancer in man. The identification of polyphenol metabolites formed via their passage through the small intestine of healthy ileostomy subjects after apple juice consumption is presented. Identification(More)
Recently, contamination of honey with pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA) has been reported as potential health risk. Therefore, it was of interest to develop a reliable tool for selective and quantitative determination of PA in honey. Sample preparation of the novel method comprises strong cation exchange SPE (SCX-SPE), followed by two reduction steps using zinc(More)
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are secondary plant constituents that comprise about 400 different structures and occur in two major forms, a tertiary form and the corresponding N-oxide. PAs containing a 1,2-double bond are pre-toxins and metabolically activated by the action of hepatic P-450 enzymes to toxic pyrroles. Besides the acute toxic effects, the(More)
BACKGROUND Apples are the most widely consumed fruits in Germany and various other countries. Positive health effects of apple-derived polyphenols in vivo depend on their absorption, metabolism, distribution, and elimination from the body after consumption. Data on the metabolism of these polyphenols in humans are scarce. In order to study the intestinal(More)
In immunocompetent rats and humans infection with Toxoplasma gondii remains mostly without overt clinical symptoms, but can be fatal, if the T-cell response is impaired. For a better understanding of the lack of control of T. gondii infection under immunosuppressed conditions, congenitally athymic rats were used as the experimental model. Whereas athymic(More)
This study determined the comparative in vitro potency of the new investigative quinolone gemifloxacin (SB-265805) using low-passaged clinical isolates and type strains of mycoplasma commonly found in the human respiratory and urogenital tracts. Organisms studied were Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma fermentans, Mycoplasma genitalium,(More)
The protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii comprises three clonal lineages that are associated with the clinical outcome in infected individuals. Whereas group C strains are mainly found in animals, group A and B strains are associated with human disease (Howe and Sibley, 1995). An increased level of transcripts of the tachyzoite-specifically expressed gene(More)
Recent studies have shown the occurrence of plant derived pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) in retail honeys and pollen loads, but little is known about how these compounds influence the fitness of foraging honey bees. In feeding experiments, we tested a mix of tertiary PAs and the corresponding N-oxides from Senecio vernalis, pure monocrotaline, and(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence, clinical features, risk factors and outcomes associated with cryptococcal meningitis (CM) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients at two referral hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya. DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) and Mbagathi District Hospital (MDH),(More)